QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon


CO-SUBMITTERS:Algeria, Bahrain, Canada, Cuba, Ecuador, Ethiopia, European Union, Ghana, Holy See, Mauritania, Romania, Sweden, Tunisia.




Referring to the situation in Lebanon as a cataclysmic crisis, as it faces a political, economic, and social crisis; further deepened by the Beirut explosion and the COVID pandemic,  


Noting with regret that Lebanon’s economic crisis, which includes a staggering inflation rate and the third-highest public debt to GDP ratio globally, has only been deepened by mismanagement and fiscal irresponsibility on the part of the ruling class,


Deeply concerned by the widespread distrust between the political class and the Lebanese people, as made evident by the significant protests in October 2019 and following the Beirut explosion,


Having examined the Lebanese government’s inability to pass legislation, essential to the recovery and reconstruction of the country, due to their caretaker status, responsible for bringing an end to the suffering of the general public and paving the way for the continuation of development,


Taking into account that Lebanon’s long history of destructive foreign interference is directly worsened by the confessionalist divisions within the country,


Fully alarmed by Hezbollah organization’s political and military power is responsible for money laundering, arms smuggling, drug trafficking, and multiple acts of terrorism, as well as its recognition as a terrorist organization by 26 states and the European Union,


Viewing with appreciation the legitimacy of resolution 2539, the UN peacekeeping mission of 1978, and the Lebanon Reform, Recovery and Reconstruction Framework,


Taking into consideration national sovereignty and the right of people to self-determination, 

  1. Urges the establishment, through a referendum, of a transitional government monitored by the UN through constant dialogue, composed of:
    1. judicial, administration, and economic experts from the UN, World Bank, or any other intergovernmental agencies wishing to put forth candidates, according to certain criteria including:
      1. no record of biased judgment due to religious factors
      2.  no record of political or financial corruption of any extent 
      3. a pledge to lead in a matter devoid of any motivations centered around personal or political gain but rather the peaceful recovery and reform of the Lebanese nation
      4. a pledge to respect the integrity of the nation and its people
      5. a pledge to willingly renounce their office and not seek to extend the duration of their stay in the government past the limit fixed for the transition period
    2. twelve nominees from the prominent organized movements of the popular protest, elected in a fair and democratic election supervised by the UN peacekeepers and the transitional administration;
  2. Recommends the end of the caretaker government and suspension of the legislative branch to allow peaceful reform, recovery, and reconstruction through the allocation of new objectives and responsibilities, where: 
    1. the transitional administration formed by the experts will temporarily control the executive and legislative branch, with the power to deeply reform the judiciary, in order to:
      1. achieve heightened transparency concerning its and the previous administration’s actions with a primary focus on the events leading up to the Beirut port explosion of the 4th of August 2020
      2. reconstruct the infrastructure necessary to the welfare of the Lebanese people, particularly housing, businesses, and educational and health facilities
      3. reduce the effect of the corrupt political class of Lebanon with a reinforcement of courts to track and sanction any found guilty
      4. discourage societal divisions based on religion with holistic and inclusive measures
      5. redirect the economy by reinforcing production and diminishing the dependence on importation
      6. tackle the socio-economic crisis through the economic policies outlined by the Lebanon Reform, Recovery, and Reconstruction Framework and cooperation with humanitarian aid agencies
      7. design a new form of government and cabinet organization that will be free from confessionalist influence
    2. the leaders of the organized movements will form the ‘Transitional Democratic Council’ (TDC), and will be responsible for the surveillance of the administration, with:
      1. their legitimacy founded on popular support and subject to regular reelection
      2. the power to veto decisions made by the government that are contrary to the will of the people with a two-third majority of the vote
      3. the right to demand consultation from the administration at any time
    3. it’s ensured that free and fair elections are held by having international election observers forming an electoral committee, monitored by the UN, and working in collaboration with the transitional government;
  3. Designates the transition period as an 18 to 24 months long period during which the functioning of a subsequent democratic government must be made possible through:
    1. a thorough UN assessment of the evolving situation at 6-month intervals, which will be:
      1. led by a UN Special Rapporteur
      2. evaluating the progress made on the goals stated in clause 2 sub-clause a
      3. making the necessary adjustments to those goals
    2. the joint drafting of a new constitution: 
      1. to begin once approval from the aforementioned Special Rapporteur is granted, with the delay not exceeding a year
      2.  between the transitional administration and the TDC  
      3. which will be passed through a referendum;
  4. Requests the reinforcement and coordination of humanitarian aid through means such as but not limited to:
    1. a monthly meeting with the directors of all recorded NGOs who are working towards the recovery of Lebanon, such as Action Against Hunger, CARE, Les Médecins du Monde, the United Nations Refugee Agency Office, and the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, to discuss:
      1. the allocation of funds from the international community according to established priorities
      2.  the advancements made and the plan of action
      3. the allocation of responsibilities and potential collaboration 
    2. reports must be drafted outlining the decisions and actions taken during the meeting, which will be presented to the transitional administration and the TDC;
  5. Encourages all willing member nations to end the cycle of foreign interference in Lebanon by:
    1. recognizing prominent terrorist organizations and cutting ties accordingly
    2. respecting the sovereignty of Lebanon and refraining from any internal interference that could undermine the spirit of solidarity and humanitarian aid, with the exception of the limits set out in the rules of international law and humanitarian law;
  6. Further recommends that the government appoints members to the currently inactive National Anti-Corruption Commission and grants it the human and financial resources needed for it to carry out its job unimpeded;
  7. Further requests the creation of a joint investigative mechanism (JIM) that should be established where representatives of at least the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the office of the secretary-general are fully enabled and supported by the Lebanese Central Bank authority to carry out an investigation on financial policies, practices, and transactions.