RESOLUTION PC - 312

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon

SUBMITTED BY: Venezuela

CO-SUBMITTERS:Benin, Czech Republic, Hungary, Norway, Paraguay, Philippines, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Poland.

STATUSSubmitted

FORUM: Political and Decolonization Committee

QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon

SUBMITTED BY: Venezuela

CO-SUBMITTED BY: Benin, Czech Republic, Hungary, Norway, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Oman, Saudia Arabia, Vietnam

 

THE POLITICAL COMMITTEE,

 

Aware of the fact that Lebanon has the largest number of refugees per capita in the world,

 

Keeping in mind that Lebanon has an approximate population of 6.8 million, and that according to UNHCR, there are at least around 900,000 registered Syrian refugees and more than 200,000 Palestinian refugees in Lebanon as of January 2020,

 

Noting further that Iran and Syria funds and supply weapons to militia groups in Lebanon such as but not limited to Hezbollah,

 

Alarmed by the internal conflicts within Lebanon, caused by various militias including but not limited to Hezbollah,

 

Bearing in mind that with the Taif Agreement, signed after the Lebanese Civil War, Lebanon recognizes Hezbollah as a “resistance force” rather than a terror organization,

 

Having studied that Israel attempted to invade Lebanon both in the Lebanese Civil War and the Second Lebanese Civil War, mainly using the existence of Hezbollah for justification,

 

Taking into account the fact that there are no previous UN resolutions regarding the lack of effort, mismanagement, and corruption by the Lebanese Government,

 

Noting with deep concern that there are millions of Lebanese citizens who do not have consistent access to the necessary infrastructure for survival, such as, lack of sanitation, electricity, and potable water,

 

Affirming that almost every single problem that Lebanon faces originates from the government and its faults,

 

Emphasizing that since the 14-year civil war, the country has slowly declined in the economical, social, but mainly political areas of the nation, mainly resulting from the Taif agreement, and it currently being a caretaker state,

 

Acknowledging that if the government of Lebanon is reformed to prevent disasters such as lack of resources and port-explosions, the economy will undoubtedly improve, because of various reforms that incentivize foreign investments, start-ups, promoting tourism, establishing a free market with some constraint, taxing the rich, and the seeking of more economic relations with foreign nations,

 

Deeply conscious that for Lebanon to progress, the arrest and persecution of the terrorist group Hezbollah is necessary. Hezbollah is a designated terrorist group by the United States, European Union, the Arab League, Canada, among others,

 

Reminds the committee that political sectarianism is by far one of the biggest problems Lebanon, and its citizens, are facing on a daily basis,

 

Noting with regret, that because of the governmental faults of the nation, there is a possible power vacuum that could result in the rise of a powerful terrorist organization, as seen in Syria and Iraq,

 

Acknowledging the government’s economic objective to achieve strong and balanced growth, that is more evenly shared across the country and between industries,

 

Taking note that growth is essential for reducing each country’s debts, for providing people throughout the country new opportunities, as well as obtaining a place for competing in an expanding global economy,

Declaring necro policy, the use of social and political power to dictate how some people may live and how some must die, as an inhumane method of diplomacy,

Bearing in mind that the nations involved in the situation must bear the full weight of their actions past and present and make amends for them by cooperating fully with the decisions of this committee,  

 

  1. Encourages the Lebanese government to follow the necessary steps to ensure economic prosperity, the development of the nation, and a peaceful transition of power, in ways not limited to:
    1. incentivization of small businesses and startups, in ways such as:
      1. giving small startups and small businesses a stimulus check, to enable their development
      2. have access to business readily available throughout the country
    2. incentivization of foreign money to enter the country but with restrictions such as:
      1. the creation and advisement by a UN-funded economic advisory committee to prevent economic collapse and Ponzi Schemes, such as the 2011 Ponzi Scheme involving multiple banks throughout the country
      2. the restrictions, administered by the UN economic advisory committee, on interest in Lebanese Banks
      3. The establishment of close economic cooperation with a variety of nations surrounding it
    3. promoting tourism, after the pandemic, to further develop the Lebanese economy, in ways not limited to:
      1. national advertising
      2. international advertising
      3. press releases
      4. lowering of flight costs, with subsidies from the government
    4. advisement, administered by the UN economic advisory committee, to ensure that funds are allocated correctly, therefore preventing government sectarianism and enabling all citizens to acquire the necessary infrastructure to survive;
  2. Emphasizes the necessity of a UN-administered body to ensure that corruption is eradicated through the country and that new funds that arrive are not stolen, as well as the implementation of strict corruption laws, with high financial penalties and prison time, if the laws are broken;
  3. Expresses the utmost importance of the restructuring of the Lebanese government, to prevent another national collapse, destroying life inside the country, and establishing an uneven power structure in the region. The creation of a UN body to revise the constitution, and implement a new government structure with the following criterion:
    1. establishment of a semi-presidential government, with a vote of no-confidence, and the election of a symbolic head of state the possibility of establishing a vote of no confidence by the legislative bodies of the federal government (senate) (in which at least 30% of the members of the federal government agree on passing a vote of no confidence), and the senators will then decide on which party will become governor, or if an official petition is signed with over 1 million, 360 thousand signatories (20% of the population), then the vote will be brought up by the federal government, but the population must agree on a party to become sitting governor beforehand
    2. federal Elections to be held every three years, with provincial elections every two years, and local elections every year federal elections will be counted through every province. Whichever political party wins the province, will have the number of votes that each province is designated (provincial point digit), and whichever party has the most votes will become sitting governor of Lebanon
    3. to form a coalition government, a majority vote must be passed in which all members of the parties have to vote,
      1. the necessity of every single political party to be divided equally between the three main religions, to prevent government sectarianism
      2. after a vote of no confidence is passed, there cannot be another one for 1 year and 6 months, unless 75% of the Senate agrees on a vote of no confidence, or if three million people sign an official petition (42% of the population)
      3. every quarter, the government will have to release an official report, to be accessed by anyone, with everything that they have accomplished, and are working on for the next quarter. To be edited and fact-checked by an independent group (UN formed)
      4. the formation of “town hall” meetings, where citizens can dictate their questions and concerns for the local and national government;
  4. Requests that the Lebanese government prosecute Hezbollah, a terrorist group identified by over 21 nations and the EU, and that for the country to progress, and to open up economic ties with foreign nations, it needs to prosecute the organization;
  5. Recommends the strong collaboration between Lebanon, UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), and UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East) in order to:
    1. enable Lebanon to have time to recover from several crises it has been undergoing by allowing Lebanon to temporarily cease permitting any further refugees in until January 1, 2023
    2. direct the refugees who are willing to take refuge in Lebanon during this temporary process in sub-clause a to take refuge in other member states via assisting them with determining their destinations, in compliance with the international agreements between member states on the distribution of refugees
    3. calculate the number of different groups of refugees and the number of total refugees in Lebanon more precisely to:
      1. avoid the overestimation or underestimation of these numbers for political purposes
      2. deal with the refugee crisis more easily by allocating resources and services according to more precise numbers
    4. detect the refugees in Lebanon who have been involved in the military wing of a militia group and decide upon the legal precautions that the Lebanese government will be encouraged to take against those refugees in order to diminish external involvement to inner conflicts;
  6. Calls upon the creation of a Threat Intelligence Council (TIC), aiming to diplomatically stress breaches of treaties and ceasefires, while aiming to exchange threat information between countries diplomatically, that will aim to the achievement of unity between neighbour countries of Lebanon who are affected by the events which transpire involving it;
  7. Recommends the creation of the EMA Watch Committee (EMAWC), a committee between the EMC’s, which focuses on matters such as but not limited to:
    1. ensuring a safe and fair source trading, named the EMA Preferential Trade Agreement EMAPTA
    2. a monthly surveillance program that ensures international, regional, and national security, therefore achieving peace in the context of globalization
      1. analyzing the current situation Lebanon is in, and asking them to act in good faith by installing lower tariffs and promoting increased importation of Lebanese goods especially following the tragic explosion in Beirut which damaged the key port and its infrastructure
      2. share evenly and efficiently resources among countries that decide to further cooperate, with the interference of the TIC;
  8. Strongly urges disputing countries and groups in the region to be willing and available to participate in long-term and high-end diplomatic discussions, in order to achieve a middle solution which can benefit parties involved in the domestic situation, more specifically, parties are encouraged to:
    1. come to an agreement on whether the issue at hand is of a legal or political manner and thus, if it is under the jurisdiction of reliable judicial bodies, such as the International Court of Justice
    2. decide whether the matter is to be solved between them or if it needs a third party intervention for it to be cleared
    3. avoid challenging one another with actions, which even worsen tensions or limit the chances of negotiations
    4. develop a climate of trust, strong internal relations, and solid cooperation between them.