RESOLUTION PC 313

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon

SUBMITTED BY: Iran

CO-SUBMITTERS:Armenia, Egypt, Germany, Jamaica, Norway, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

STATUSApproved

THE POLITICAL COMMITTEE,

Emphasizing that Lebanon is currently battling a cataclysmic humanitarian crisis that has been further escalated by the COVID-19 pandemic and economic instability,

Noting with deep concern of the recent catastrophic explosion in Beirut, which left over 2 million people homeless and destroyed Lebanon’s main maritime entry, the Port of Beirut, which is vital for the importation of scarce goods,

Aware of the fact that Lebanon’s government resigned on the 10th of August 2020 and is currently in “caretaker status”,

Bearing in mind the sensitive social climate of Lebanon that has further polarized the country,

Taking into consideration that the Lebanese people have been revolting against their government since October 17th, 2019,

Recognizing that the country has a religious conflict, preventing all citizens from being equal in duties, rights, and before the law,

Guided by the principles of providing immediate aid to the citizens of Lebanon to expedite Lebanon’s recovery process economically,

  1. Encourages the provision of continuous donations of medical supplies and post-explosion relief aid to the Lebanese government and pertinent organizations, in order to ensure that:
    1. the Lebanese government and relevant Non Government Organizations (NGOs) can continue to solve the ongoing health and economic crisis in their country, keeping in mind that:
      1. Lebanon was already suffering from an economic crash prior to the explosion and pandemic
      2. due to the lack of finances, the Lebanese government has not been able to provide safe drinking water, public healthcare, and have run out of hospital beds
      3. the government has been able to achieve multiple advancements over the past 6 months
    2. the supplies being donated are used for good and are handled according to the needs of the people, therefore avoiding organizations such as but not limited to:
      1. unreliable and dubious NGOs
      2. irresponsible organizations trying to benefit from this misery
    3. the people can go back to their jobs and houses and discontinue actions such as but not limited to:
      1. the unsafe protests during the pandemic
      2. the dangerous and immoral riots;
  2. Suggests the cooperation between the foreign government and Lebanese officials by going over methods of containing the COVID-19 pandemic such as:
    1. going over restrictions every two weeks
    2. introducing a public education and awareness campaign
    3. implementing a vaccination plan
    4. creating field hospitals to improve sanitation and avoid overcrowding at active hospitals;
  3. Requests all foreign military/militias interventions be retracted from in and around Lebanon, seeing as this impedes things such as, but not limited to:
    1. sovereign rights, which are the rights of the government and its people to make decisions about defense and how to run the nation
    2. acts of colonization, which is the involvement of these military groups in these nations military bases that have a keen sense of colonization and may be used as a starting point to take over the aforementioned nations
    3. balance in the Middle East as this is a disturbance in the Middle East, seeing as the region is known for its many wars and battles this would just lead to more and more wars to come;
  4. Recommends that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) be the main supporters of Lebanon in aid and requests the UN Member States to donate their aid to the IMF so that:
    1. the IMF can aid many people in need in Lebanon and the less economically stable neighboring countries and the World Bank to contribute to the reconstruction efforts
    2. to work with the Lebanese government and relevant organizations to give aid where it is needed to ensure that the aid is provided and given to the people currently in need
    3. many varieties of aid can be provided to the poor people in Lebanon, such as:
      1. nutritious fruits and vegetables
      2. livestock produces like cows, goats, and chickens
      3. medical supplies such as but not restricted to hospital beds, surgery equipment, pharmaceutical drugs, N95 masks
    4. aid can also be passed by the Lebanese Red Cross, which can help with medical assistance;
  5. Solicits NGOs to take actions such as but not limited to:
    1. helping families in need through social assistance
    2. all the aid to be distributed to reliable sources such but not limited to the Lebanese Red Cross;
  6. Calls for pressure groups to impeach Lebanese politicians who took funds from the banks to restore stolen money via:
    1. sanctions that would consist of monetary reimbursements which will be directly donated to the aid of the nation and this would be donated in the percentages of, 50% Lebanese Red Cross and 50% pertinent and trusted NGOs
    2. the perpetrators of these crimes will be decided through trial directly in the International Criminal Court;
  7. Further suggests that the Lebanese government build self-sustaining domestic industries to import fewer goods, for reason such as but not limited to:
    1. foods and beverages prices have increased by 540% since 2019
    2. it is becoming hard for the citizens to afford basic daily necessities by producing their own goods, the cost will be less than imported goods; (Strike Vietnam) 
  8. Further encourages all Member States to give humanitarian and rebuilding aid regardless of political affiliation for reasons such as but not limited to the Lebanese people are lacking basic human rights;
  9. Requests that the Security Council address any violations to past resolutions on Lebanon, the Geneva conventions, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and other UN recognized international treaties through condemnation and other actions by any neighboring member states that conducts further military activities with a unilateral military actions which could further destabilized the political and governmental reconstructing of the country and which could also target or indirectly affect the 1.7 million Palestinian and Syrian refugees in the country; (Palestinian Authority)
  10. Further Requests that Lebanon hold a democratic parliamentary election in order to form a new government that can tackle the issues that are currently facing the country, such as but not limited to:
    1. a severe economic crisis
    2. the reconstruction of Beirut
    3. the COVID-19 crisis
    4. widespread corruption in government and public administration
    5. the presence of armed terrorists groups such as Hezbollah within Lebanon; (European Union)
  11. Encourages the development and support of independent political groups and individuals through the means of:
    1. political education programs run by both local associations and the UNDP, regarding topics such as but not limited to:
      1. tactics and strategies for growth of independent political groups or politicians, 
      2. Lebanese political landscape
      3. international politics
      4. international and domestic law
    2. encouraging secondary schools to adopt elective classes focused on the topics outlined in sub clause a, when the means are available, in order to peak interest for such future endeavors and,
    3. encouraging universities to strengthen political courses offered by collaborating with universities abroad known for strong political courses; (USA)
  12. Encourages the Lebanese government to follow the necessary steps to ensure economic prosperity, the development of the nation, and a peaceful transition of power, in ways not limited to,
    1. incentivization of small businesses and startups, in ways such as,
      1. giving small startups and small businesses a stimulus check, to enable their development,
      2. have access to business readily available throughout the country,
    2. incentivization of foreign money to enter the country but with restrictions such as,
      1. the creation and advisement by a UN-funded economic advisory committee to prevent economic collapse and Ponzi Schemes, such as the 2011 Ponzi Scheme involving multiple banks throughout the country,
      2. the restrictions, administered by the UN economic advisory committee, on interest in Lebanese Banks,
      3. The establishment of close economic cooperation with a variety of nations surrounding it,
    3. promoting tourism, after the pandemic, to further develop the Lebanese economy, in ways not limited to,
      1. national advertising,
      2. international advertising,
      3. press releases,
      4. lowering of flight costs, with subsidies from the government,
    4. advisement, administered by the UN economic advisory committee, to ensure that funds are allocated correctly, therefore preventing government sectarianism and enabling all citizens to acquire the necessary infrastructure to survive,
    5. the prioritization of paying the massive debt accumulated by the government of Lebanon,
    6. the implementation of easy ways for international and national investors to invest in the Lebanese stock market, thus improving the economy,
    7. the implementation of new taxation laws, for the two thousand richest people in Lebanon, to accumulate a sum of money to implement economic development, and policies mentioned in this resolution; (Philippines)  
  13. Encourages a creation of a legal and legitimate referendum regarding the election of a new Lebanese government, to be held. Electoral processes will be maintained by the formation of an organization under the umbrella of the UN called the Organization for Electoral Transparency in Lebanon (OETL). This organization will work to provide Lebanon with the needed electoral assistance including all the logistics, all the technical support and electoral policy guidance and affirmation in order to:
    1. have the elections verified by OETL to enable trust and public confidence in the process in order for the voters to have a means to verify that the results are adhering to the will of the Lebanese population
    2. ensure that the Lebanese public is able to see and verify each step of the election process including but not limited to:
      1. voter count
      2. electoral list
    3. ensure and establish an independent firm that will be inspected by the United Nations Department of Political and Peace building Affairs (DPPA) called the Election Commission of Lebanon (ECL) that:
      1. Will ensure the implementation of the appropriate election processes
      2. Is responsible for ensuring the lack of misconduct taking place in the election process including vote rigging, corruption/bribery and voting miscounts
      3. will publish reports in Lebanon on issues related to ballot safety and the number of observers in polling stations
      4. will be monitored and reviewed by the DPPA throughout the entire process
    4. ensure and fund for the presence of vote counting equipment and technologies that would enable for a transparent and safeguarded vote
    5. educate and inform the citizens on the most suitable form of government to ensure that the best government will be in office; (SWEDEN)