RESOLUTION PC 331

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon

SUBMITTED BY: Jordan

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, Amnesty International, Arab League, Botswana, Cameroon, Israel, Latvia, Mexico, Namibia, Peru, Yemen.

STATUSSubmitted

Noting with deep concern the turmoil surrounding high-ranking positions within the Lebanese government, which has been prominent for years, 

 

Alarmed by the Lebanese government’s inability to respond to the public’s basic needs and subsequent resignation following the devastating Beirut explosion in August 2020, 

 

Emphasizing the importance of governance with transparency, accountability, and respect to Human Rights, 

 

Taking into consideration the fragility of the economy in Lebanon due to governmental instability,

 

Confident in the work provided by the NGO Action Against Hunger (ACF), specifically the work of their Modelling Early Risk Indicators to Anticipate Malnutrition (MERIAM) project using econometric and computational modeling to prevent malnutrition in several war and crisis-stricken countries, 

 

Seeking support for ONE, a privately funded, nonpartisan organization focused on lobbying world and local leaders on behalf of the impoverished and underserved populations (for example, their work ensuring budget transparency in African nations to promote government accountability), 

 

Keeping in mind that the population of 1.7 million refugees, many Syrian and Palestinian, who currently seek shelter in the country of Lebanon, 

 

Taking note of the strong relationship between Jordan and Iraq in their refugee aid programs, 

 

Expressing its satisfaction the work that’s already in progress by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) on behalf of the Syrian and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, such as their efforts to enact COVID-19 preventative plans for those living in overcrowded areas not formally designated as refugee camps,  

 

Recognizing the role of the United Nations’ Special Coordinator for Lebanon, Jan Kubis, whose office coordinates and leads UN efforts in Lebanon, exemplified by the successful implementation of Security Council Resolution 1701 (2006) under the previous Coordinator for Lebanon which halted fighting between Lebanon and Israel while creating a framework for long-term stability,

 

Taking into account that the people are at the forefront of this action and aid should be directed at them, rather than the unstable and corrupt government,

 

Reaffirming its commitment to the unity, sovereignty, stability, independence, and territorial integrity of Lebanon,

  1. Asks for the Member States, international financial institutions of the United Nations system, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and regional and interregional organizations, as well as individual donors, to urgently extend the assistance and services needed in an effort to alleviate the difficult humanitarian crisis being faced by the people of Lebanon and the refugees hosted in the country;
  2. Calls upon the Member States to engage in dedicated, collaborative work to provide humanitarian aid to the struggling Lebanese population, as the government is currently unable to supply them with basic necessities, by: 
    1. providing immediate medical and nutritional aid by:
      1. working cooperatively with the NGO Action Against Hunger (ACF), so that they may provide basic necessities to the malnourished and under-supplied people of Lebanon
      2. supplying critical medical equipment and vaccinations, specifically focusing on the distributing of the COVID-19 vaccine in cooperation with the World Health Organization and other NGOs, proper sterilization tools, basic first aid supplies, and military hospital troops in times of crisis
    2. establishing a plan to withdraw operations, as the above sub-clauses are achieved through actions such as, but not limited to:  
      1. the removing of Jan Kubis, instated by the UN as Special Coordinator to Lebanon, whose duties include coordinating any UN work within Lebanon and overseeing any UN hosted negotiations between Lebanon and other nations
      2. the returning power of companies and infrastructure to the citizens and their government; 
  3. Recommends that member states promote the ONE Campaign in bringing their projects to Lebanon, with the intent of inspiring the people of Lebanon to hold their government accountable and giving them the resources to do so by:
    1. lobbying political leaders
    2. educating the private citizens on ways to hold government officials accountable
    3. making the public aware of legal and governmental affairs through internet media campaigns; 
  4. Requests that special attention is given to aiding large Syrian refugee populations living below the poverty line in Middle Eastern nations through cooperation with UNHCR, by supporting their projects in Lebanon:
    1. construction to rehabilitate those living in poor conditions, while supplying temporary shelter material to those remaining in informal camps 
    2. donating medical equipment and medicines and reinforcing health care accessibility 
    3.  providing support to local host communities through: 
      1. investments for governmental ministries, including, but not limited to, the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), the Ministry of Energy and Water (MoEW), and the Ministry of State for the Displaced Affairs (MoSDA)
      2. funding and hosting support projects designed to combat crises’ burdens on a smaller-focused scale;
  5. Further requests that similar aid is directed towards other refugee groups, such as but not limited to the Palestinian refugee population, by collaborating with the UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency), whose current work in Lebanon includes:
    1. coordinating access to mental health services, case management for those victims of gender-based violence, and child protection services
    2. overseeing border movements
    3. legal advocacy for Palestinian refugee rights;  
  6. Further calls upon the establishment of a UN-sponsored project, similar to that of the World Bank in Lebanon in 2013, targeting the infrastructure and energy access shortcomings of the current Lebanese government, including:
    1. overseeing the revampment of water, sanitation, and energy access in areas in need so that they reach the goals previously set by the United Nations, and ensuring that there is proper written documentation and transparency regarding these structures and energy sources (natural gas, oils, hydrocarbons), as overseen by
      1. meetings every other month with the Arab League members in order to discuss the issue and the progress being made to provide relief to those impacted
      2. a panel of willing members of the UN providing foreign aid
    2. reallocation of money from other sectors, such as the military, to the energy market, in order to establish a plan to develop improvements in the Lebanese power grid, which should be made accessible to Lebanon’s citizens;
  7. Suggests the development of a comprehensive plan regarding the re-building of Beirut under the supervision and leadership of the United Nations Crisis Relief, who have already led fundraising initiatives for Lebanon, which would include: 
    1. developing new storage rooms for ammonium nitrate and other highly explosive material, which should be heavily guarded by the Lebanese Armed Forces and supervised by members of the United Nations Crisis Relief, in order to prevent future explosions that could cause homelessness and significant infrastructure damage 
    2. funding specifically to address the rebuilding of residential areas by volunteers under the UN Crisis Relief in order to help those who lost their homes in the explosion and provide them with temporary housing and basic necessities, such as, but not limited to:
      1. food
      2. clothing 
      3. clean, safe water and sanitation
      4. basic healthcare.