RESOLUTION PC111

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to develop a broader cooperation among states following the COVID-19 crisis

SUBMITTED BY: Bahrain

CO-SUBMITTERS:Benin, Haiti, Iran, Iceland, Mexico, Malta, Cambodia, Honduras, New Zealand, Ireland, Niger, Philippines.

STATUSApproved

THE POLITICAL COMMITTEE,

 

Reaffirming its resolution A/74/270 of 2 April 2020, “Global solidarity to fight the coronavirus disease 2019”,

Noting Article 25, Clause 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services”,

Recognizing that many LDCs will have to wait 2-3 years to have free access to the Covid-19 vaccine,

Realizing the need for further supporting multilateral organizations that primarily focus on the global access to vaccines, like COVAX,

Noting that the Coronavirus is a group of viruses that cause respiratory disease in mammals and birds, and that in humans, viruses cause respiratory infections, such as colds, which are usually mild,

Further Noting that the Covid19 is a virus that causes respiratory problems to humans and that has killed more than 2 million people,

Affirming that LDCs struggle to attain adequate medical treatments or vaccines,

Stating that the transmission mechanism moves the pathogen of an infectious or parasitic disease from an infected organism to a susceptible one,

Recalling that cross-border cooperation is collaboration between areas across borders and territories,

Reminding member states that community spread is the pathogen of infectious, parasitic diseases among the community,

 

  1. Emphasizes the global responsibility for ensuring the safety and protection of the citizens of refugee host and transition countries with respect to the spread and care of COVID-19, mandating that all UN COVID-19 protocols are in place and enforced within all refugee camps and transit pathways,
    1. strongly encourages the UN to aid refugee-host and transition countries, so as to ensure the asylum-seeking process is in compliance with COVID-19 regulations and poses a reduced threat to refugees and local populations, methods of aid provision should include but are not limited to:
      1. provision of sufficient personal protective equipment (i.e., masks, disinfectant gels) to all refugees,
      2. educational programs for all refugees regarding COVID-19 prevention practices (i.e., proper use and hygiene of PPE, social distancing, symptom awareness, and quarantine practices),
      3. sufficient COVID-19 testing for all residents of refugee camps,
      4. financial aid and medical assistance in support of the health care of refugees who have tested positive for COVID-19;
  2. Strongly encourages member states to commit to a global partnership in the vaccine rollout, to ensure a coordinated effort in maximizing both the speed and enthusiasm with which citizens of the world are protected against COVID-19 through activities including but not limited to:
    1. partnering with the various developers of the coronavirus vaccine to distribute it equitably around the world through,
      1. providing transportation, storage equipment, and staff training,
      2. ensuring the equitable distribution of the vaccine based on population size and number of active cases,
      3. Urging individual governments to consider purchasing through the World Health Organization (WHO) supported framework to prevent unequal and unfair distribution,
      4. Working with WHO, Doctors Without Borders, and member states’ governments to establish a vaccine distribution framework,
    2. working towards complete transparency regarding the process for distributing the vaccine which will be done by,
      1. UN logistical and communication support regarding how vaccines are being distributed and administered,
      2. making the public aware of how the vaccine is being distributed and administered through the use of social media sites, the official UN websites, and individual governments’ sites,
    3. Encouraging people to register for the vaccine through ways such as but not limited to,
      1. using official social media pages and governments’ official websites,
      2. reaching out to local actors in communities and urging them to persuade people in their communities to register,
      3. conducting surveys and research into the groups that most need targeting in these efforts, recognizing data as essential for tackling anti-vaccine sentiments,
      4. public broadcasting and media campaigns to reassure the public of the safety of the vaccines,
      5. campaigns in educational institutions to discourage or debunk anti-vaccine conspiracy theories and to ensure learners are aware of the checks that guarantee the numerous vaccines are safe;
  3. Urges the establishment of a ‘United Nations Guardian for Future Generations’ to protect and represent the rights of future generations in the response to the pandemic, following the recommendations of the General Secretary in 2013, to ensure political, economic and environmental sustainability as the world rebuilds and to create a global authoritative voice on the implications of the international community’s actions following the pandemic;
  4. Encourages increased international support to LEDCs who are struggling with the lack of adequate resources to fully address the COVID-19 pandemic through means such as, but not limited to:
    1. supporting the development and implementation of COVID-19 national preparedness and response plans in the 30% of countries that currently have none in place through the development of suggested UN and WHO supported toolkits with templates, guidelines and models,
    2. supporting the development and implementation of COVID-19 educational workshops and media for nations where it is insufficient,
    3. supporting the development and implementation of national infection prevention and control programmes, and water, sanitation, and hygiene standards in all health-care facilities in the 50% of countries which do not have such standards,
    4. offering debt relief to LEDCs and redirecting their loan and interest repayments towards health care development;
  5. Calls upon all member states to enhance international cooperation and solidarity for the achievement of common interests and benefits, through activities including, but not limited to:
    1. maximizing the collective chance of success by sharing the data and knowledge among countries associated with producing and distributing necessary medical equipment globally so that countries are able to innovate, provide support, and build upon pre-existing expertise by:
      1. simultaneously exploring multiple possible vaccines, and advocating WHO supported initiatives such as The COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP), GAVI, and the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT),
      2. calling for the allocation of funds to support research capable countries and to assist in the formation of regional research laboratories in order to increase international scientific collaboration, 
    2. urging more funds to be diverted into making wide-reaching advertisement campaigns regarding the availability and proper usage of Covid-19 tracing apps, the aforementioned should be able to:
      1. frequently update citizens on the status of the virus in their vicinity, 
      2. show the possible date and places of the contraction of the virus,
      3. send out alert messages to the user when someone infected comes close by,
      4. function without any hindrance when it receives data from many devices in the vicinity of the user,
    3. maximizing the global supply of necessary medical equipment, testing kits, ventilators, PPE, cleaning equipment, etc., by drawing on the advantage of production in different countries, and therefore efficiently allocating resources to the countries best capable of manufacturing the aforementioned goods for the distribution to those most in need through:

      1. recognizing that different countries have different production capabilities, and no country has the domestic capabilities to produce all that it needs alone,
      2. understanding that different countries will face acute demand for this equipment at different moments, according to the particular stage of the pandemic that they face,
      3. implementing a centralized database of products and reciprocal resource sharing across member states,
    4. suggesting all nations to implement a mask mandate within their nation to limit the spread of Covid-19, the mask mandate will include the following terms:
      1. all citizens of all nations should wear face coverings that must be worn properly, covering both the mouth and nose, 
      2. face masks should be worn by citizens everywhere in public places, both indoors and outdoors, this will do the following but is not limited to,
        1. all individuals aged five years old and above should wear a mask in premises open to the general public including, but not limited to educational, private and governmental institutions,
        2. individuals taking part in Covid-19 vaccine clinical trials are exempted from wearing face masks for scientific and research purposes, however, they must wear a mask in the presence of a person over the age of 60 and/or whilst travelling,
        3. individuals running businesses have the right not to provide customers their services or products to customers not wearing face masks to encourage them to wear one;
  6. Requests member states to contribute to the creation of a new and improved social security and public employment program due to the pandemic that consists of policies such as:
    1. the establishment of an employee search program in which unemployed citizens will complete a form every two weeks and the government will organize job interviews, in partnership with federal and private employers,
    2. the formulation of a public payment programme to contribute to Sustainable Development, which will include:
      1. decreased amount of rent for small businesses which were affected by government curfews,
      2. initiative of people who have lost their jobs due to the pandemic receiving government aid until finding a new job,
  7. Further requests every member state to improve the protection of the borders between countries and take necessary measures for COVID-19 cases that appear throughout travel such as but not limited to:
    1. introducing travel measures at international points of entry and exit such as:
      1. screening travellers from high-risk countries or with high-risk exposures to provide them with targeted advice about COVID-19,
      2. providing proactive public health advisories and alerts for travellers,
    2. tracing contacts of the people and places that infectious people have been exposed to,
    3. making it compulsory for people to get tested for infectious diseases regardless of whether they are symptomatic or not,
    4. managing symptomatic and/or exposed travelers by:
      1. isolating and managing treatment to symptomatic travelers,
      2. providing passenger locator information to manage symptomatic and exposed travelers.