RESOLUTION PC 231

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to better regulate the use of personal data and artificial intelligence

SUBMITTED BY: Malta

CO-SUBMITTERS:Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, Colombia, European Union, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, South Africa, Sweden, Uganda.

STATUSPassed

THE POLITICAL COMMITTEE,

Welcomes the unmatched potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to contribute to human development, with the company Accenture providing evidence that AI will increase global productivity by 40% or more by 2030,

Defining “artificial intelligence” as the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings,

Calling for better protections and ethics in the use of personal data and noting the pressing challenges faced by all member states with the growing use of personal data by corporations, noting that laws and regulations should align with the changing sociopolitical nature of the online world,

Cautioning against a limitless, unhindered approach to the development in Artificial Intelligence, citing the UN General Assembly’s 70th session resolution; to establish a humanitarian approach in the development and use of new technologies,

Recalling the UNESCO coordinated Global Education 2030 Agenda,

Noting that in 2019, the International Labour Organization estimated that 56% of the employees in the key ASEAN manufacturing hubs (Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, The Philippines, Vietnam) will lose their jobs to automation, further noting the disproportionate impact on women, who comprise more than 80% of the textile, clothing, and footwear sector in the economy,

Recognizing the resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age adopted by the Human Rights Council on September 26, 2019,

Taking into consideration the rapid increase of organizations specialized in the development of AIs and therefore the huge positive impact on the job market,

Encouraging member states to maintain caution that the potential global economic benefits of AI (estimated by the World Economic Forum to be $17 trillion by 2030) do not serve to exacerbate global inequalities and power imbalances,

Reminds that along with unemployment, machines would increase economic inequality as the ones who create the machines would be the only recipients of the profits, and the former workers that have been replaced by these machines would not be able to work due to their lack of skills, recognizing the impact of automation on LEDCs in which a larger proportion of the workforce contributes to low-skilled labour, 

  1. Encourages the implementation of a national AI strategy for all member states, including, but not limited to:
    1. adequate preparation for the economic, social, and political impacts of the forthcoming AI revolution,
    2. giving consideration to the use of the World Economic Forum’s nine key repercussions as guidelines for their national strategies, supported by UNESCO, UNCTAD, and other relevant UN-supported organizations;
  2. Emphasizes the importance of the implementation of appropriate policies and protections for workers to allow them to keep up with the changing job market and to ensure there are no significant job losses arising from an increase in technology within the workplace through ways such as but not limited to:
    1. encourages member states to strengthen employment discrimination protection laws to include advancement in AI and its effects on the job market, particularly recommending LEDCs to strengthen such laws,
    2. calls on member states to introduce a jobseeker’s allowance to protect those disproportionately affected by job losses due to AI, and to ensure their frictionless re-employment,
    3. cautions member states against using machine-learning software to hire workers, citing Amazon’s decision to abandon a project to develop an AI hiring program due to unfair discrimination against women,
    4. conducting thorough research on the kinds of jobs that people can go into such as but not limited to:
      1. new jobs created by artificial intelligence,
      2. job sectors that still require workers even if they are unrelated to artificial intelligence,
      3. ensuring that the jobs are specific to every city or town,
      4. research which will be conducted by people working at the UN in partnership with countries’ governments, artificial intelligence companies, and NGOs,
    5. creating a program that can be presented to people employed in jobs that may be lost due to AI development (such as agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, etc.) helping to teach them the skills needed to go into new fields created by artificial intelligence:
      1. this program will be developed by UN representatives partnering with AI companies to understand the skills needed
      2. the program length will vary depending on the specific jobs and resources
      3. it will be held at local centers that people can attend easily, and if the resources are available, it can be conducted online for ease of attendance
      4. representatives from the UN in partnership with volunteers from the UN volunteer program and large AI corporations will teach local actors in communities about the program and the skills that they aim to develop once volunteers and local actors have developed the needed skills they will go on teaching locals the skills needed
      5. Implementing a similar program to educate people on how to work at jobs that are outside of the AI sector-specific to their location;
  3. Calls on member states to ensure both private and public sectors are appropriately utilized, in order to maximize both innovation and fairness of access to AI as member states should consider placing key services, including education, health, and utilities, under the management of the public sector, and member states should encourage companies to develop and integrate AI applications to heighten output and productivity;
  4. Further recommends member states convene experts, policymakers, business leaders, and other relevant persons in workshops and conferences surrounding the application, adoption, and risk-benefit analyses of AI technologies in civil society, in line with the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute’s (UNICRI) Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics’ actions on the international stage;
  5. Stresses the substantial need for a global knowledge-based preparation in regards to the 4th industrial revolution, in order to achieve an adequate understanding of artificial intelligence and thus giving a majority of citizens the ability to make logically concluded decisions, and to overall ease mankind with the technological transition, hence calling all nations to comply with the following points:
    1. implementation of artificial intelligence hubs in all country capitals with the following measures:
      1. partially funded by the state to improve quality and widespread of activity to increase international attraction such as foreign funding, investment, and talent,
      2. including research and development teams in stakeholders involved with the hubs;
  6. Further encourages member states to invest in education relating to artificial intelligence technologies in order to promote Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) through activities including, but not limited to:
    1. innovating school systems with the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and leveraging on other emerging technologies in order to strengthen education systems, and accelerate the delivery of quality education and lifelong learning systems for all through activities including but not limited to:
      1. introducing new models for the delivery of education and training using AI technology to more effectively reach a wider range of stakeholders (students, parents, staff, etc.),
      2. improving teacher support and training by using AI tools to enable the evaluation of multiple dimensions of students’ competencies and to undertake large scale assessments,
      3. enabling personalized learning systems, flexible learning pathways, and the tracking of learning outcomes through the implementation of AI platforms, machine learning, and data analytics,
      4. testing and adopting emerging AI technology and tools in order to safeguard data privacy and security for teachers and learners through the expansion of UNESCO’s cooperation with UN and multilateral partners, regional development banks, national organizations, and the private sector,
    2. improving educational data management systems through the integration and development of AI technology and tools in order to improve data collection and processing, and provide more personalized and inclusive education management;
    3. supporting national initiatives dedicated to scientific exploration and opportunity-finding through means of funding, publication, etc., through:
      1. supporting the long-term study of the ethical issues of AI to ensure that it is used for good, and not in harmful ways,
      2. developing comprehensive data protection legislative and regulatory frameworks to safeguard data privacy of the learner and teacher, and guarantee equitable and non-discriminatory use and reuse of data in a transparent and auditable manner,
      3. conducting ongoing research on issues related to AI ethics, data privacy, and security to prevent any adverse impact or infringement on human rights,
    4. establishing a strong introduction to AI and related technologies through implementation in primary, secondary, and tertiary education curricula, as well as the qualifications of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) through:
      1. suggested curricula which introduces students to artificial intelligence and machine learning with the support of UNESCO and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF),
      2. educating the younger generation with the knowledge of the presence of artificial intelligence, therefore insuring the early development of interest and aptitude for such technologies,
      3. increasing familiarity of this technological advancement in schools through the use of annual AI conferences as well as the possible inclusion of AI and technological courses to inspire passion in youth to then foster emerging talent,
  7. Suggests member states to invest in the development of artificial intelligence technologies in order to promote Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) through activities including, but not limited to:
    1. collaborating with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) supported programmes and initiatives including the Global Observatory for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments (GO→SPIN), Open Science, and mainstreaming women in STI,
    2. developing Science-Policy-Society interfaces for poverty reduction, social and economic progress, and sustainable development within member states;
  8. Recommends the creation of an organization dedicated to using publicly available and provided data and developing artificial intelligence and technology with the goals of investigating, preventing, and serving justice for actions of international violence, terrorism, and war crimes, defining war crimes based on the Geneva Convention, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, and the ICJ;
    1. funded by the United Nations and supported by member states, NGOs, and public donation including:
      1. financial support,
      2. resource support,
      3. providing insight into technological advancements to allow for global cooperation and success,
    2. monitored by the United Nations and working in cooperation with the UN Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect;
  9. Suggests the promotion of the presence of Artificial Intelligence in the field of global health and medicine by the creation of a sector in the World Health Organization with the goal of expanding medical AI:
    1. researching technologies relevant to the implementation of artificial intelligence in order to:
      1. test for diseases
      2. develop more extensive disease research
      3. contain the spread of disease
      4. monitor public health in states;
    2. monitored and directed by the World Health Organization and United Nations and:
        1. supported by the United Nations Technology Bank for Least Developed Countries and United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development by means of funding
        2. funded by the United Nations;
  10. Requests the implementation of an AI IQ test that focuses on identifying how advanced an AI system is, the test will be administered by a committee of international officials, consisting of legal, technical and humanitarian professionals, that are able to shut down or suspend AI if it is deemed too advanced.