RESOLUTION SC191

FORUM: SECURITY COUNCIL

QUESTION OF: The Iran Nuclear Deal

SUBMITTED BY:

CO-SUBMITTERS:.

STATUSPassed

FORUM: Security Council 

QUESTION OF: The Iran Nuclear Deal 

 

THE SECURITY COUNCIL,  

 

Stressing the importance of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and the positive impacts it has had on global security,

 

Acknowledging the dangers that nuclear weapons pose to global security and international relations,

 

Noting with satisfaction the developments brought forth by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, signed by Iran, France, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, China, Russia and Germany in 2015,

 

Noting that Uranium is a highly sustainable source of energy, and nuclear power plants may be redesigned to suit lifestyle in Iran, rather than funding its missile programs, 

 

Further noting There have been no identifiable risks associated with the use of Uranium, and no such radiation has been detected as a result of the metal, however, large amounts of uranium that is consumed may cause health effects, ministers of health will be under the provision of how uranium may impact the people of Iran,

 

Emphasizing the importance of trade, and how export of Uranium, towards economic purposes rather than militaristic, will better fund the Iranian economy, as well as create better relations with other nations and fund their economies as well,

 

Confident of the power of diplomatic solutions to bring an end to the aforementioned tensions,

 

Reaffirming its commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the need for all States Party to that Treaty to comply fully with their obligations,

 

Recalling resolution 2231 (2015) of 20 July 2015, on the JCPOA,

 

Welcoming the return of the United States of America and Iran to the JCPOA,

  1. Suggests that in accordance with principles of Annex II of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or any further deal made on the Iranian nuclear situation expecting that Iran complies with the stated measures, in regards to sanctions and economic activity, all relevant parties shall provide economic relief, aid and opportunities in Iran by:
    1. increasing levels of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) into Iran
    2. allowing the opening of new branches, subsidiaries of Iranian banks in the territories of Member States
    3. proving financial support for trade with Iran, including, the granting of export credits and loans, the sale or purchase of public bonds to and from Iran, the government and its financial institutions
    4. importing, purchasing or transportation of Iranian oil and petroleum products, natural gas or petrochemical products and related financing
    5. further delisting relevant parties from assets freezing and visa bans unless justified as restrictive measures related to violations of human rights;
  2. Requests that all Member States prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Iran, from or through their territories or by their citizens or individuals subject to their jurisdiction, or using their vessels or aircraft, of any military weapons, equipment, or items as determined by the Security Council or the Committee established in resolution 1737 (2006) up until April 1, 2021 on which day both the United States and Iran will start to implement the JCPOA and that the Member States will have the right to impose sanctions on Iran if the JCPOA gets violated and if the United States does not join the deal on April 1, 2021 Iran would be exempt from said sanctions; 
  3. Calls upon Member States to reduce their military presence in the Persian Gulf as a measure to reduce the threat towards the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran, acting as a potential disincentive for the nuclearization of the region;
  4. Further recommends the creation of a UN based task force for economic and development in the country to relieve the tensions brought on the Iranian people by: 
    1. investing in new durable sources of energy such as but not limited to: 
      1. photovoltaic energies
      2. wind power sources
      3. hydropower 
    2. facilitating projects brought by Iraninian entities relating to sectors such as but not limited to: 
      1. healthcare and sanitation
      2. industrial development 
      3. social support with respect to indigenous cultural norms of the region
    3. assisting local actors in their communication and relations with foreign entities;
  5. Calls upon all signatories of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), also known as the 2015 Iran Nuclear Deal, to reinstate compliance to the agreement in accordance with international state responsibility by inviting all signatory parties to ratify and create certain mechanisms to prevent future infringement by any party in ways such as but not limited to:
    1. imposing legal responsibilities to any party that violates JCPOA after 1 April 2021, such as recommending a verdict from the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
    2. adopting economic or diplomatic sanctions on countries violating the JCPOA after 1 April 2021, if deemed necessary
    3. deploying an IAEA surveillance system and an independent board consisting of UNSC nuclear experts to ensure compliance on all signatories; 
  6. Calls upon the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to investigate and write a comprehensive report regarding the situation in Iran and its future nuclear plans: 
    1. urges the IAEA to receive unrestricted access, and will be permitted to uncover the totality of the work Iran has been working on for the past few years
      1. government officials are permitted to take part in the investigation
      2. government officials do not have the final word on the report as it will submitted by the IAEA to the UNSC
    2. emphasizing the report should cover the amount of uranium-235 and plutonium-239 currently present in the nation, the amount used by Iran, and other such infrastructure that processes and creates nuclear weaponry
      1. IAEA will be in charge of selecting nuclear scientists, as well as any other necessary professionals to survey the uranium-235 and plutonium-239
      2.  use and detail how it is able to be used
      3. private industries that collaborate with the Iranian government’s nuclear program will be surveyed as well, the industrial sector must be completely transparent in order to fully understand the current situation in Iran
    3. notes of the importance of Iranian transparency, and the work the IAEA will need to do to create a mutual understanding between the government and the work that will be done
    4. if agreements are intangible, the UNSC, and any other obligatory party that they see fit, will take necessary precautions to make sure the Iranian government will work to be transparent about its program
    5. affirms the report will cover Iran’s future in terms of their nuclear program, and ways to hinder growth, whilst not wounding the Iranian economy
      1. although the IAEA has been given unrestricted access to the nuclear program, it is important to note there will be no tampering with said program
      2. objectivity as well as impartiality is mandatory of the all-inclusive report
      3. any interference must be detailed in the report, and should alert JCPOA parties
    6. clarifies that the end result of the report will be submitted for revision by the UNSC, and further consulted by JCPOA parties, in the meeting following the submission of the report
    7. if the report led before April 1st meets the conditions required from Iran in the JCPOA, Iran would be able to officially rejoin the deal at that date;
  7. Calls upon the members of United Nations to come together in an international convention in 2022 when the Iran and the US uphold their obligations under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and S/RES/2231 starting on the same predetermined date, for the purpose of mutually preparing a new agreement that will be signed by Iran, USA, UK, Russia, China, France and Germany, which will:
    1. have the aim of:
      1. reevaluating the 2015 agreement conditions to ensure all members are aware of what has and hasn’t been followed
      2. finalizing the new agreement so it can be implemented in 2023
      3. change these conditions as needed to ensure all Member States can find ways to appropriately reduce or increase their stockpile
      4. creating new guidelines and conditions to be followed by all nations to ensure efficient and safe nuclear weapon management, to be concluded after the necessary research and implementations of changes to the original agreement are carried to examine their impact and effectiveness
      5. have all members present to observe the outcome, but only allowing those that will sign to have a say in how the agreement in constructed in what it’s contents are
    2. be signed under the supervision, support and assistance of relevant organizations to ensure the credibility and efficiency of the agreement with sustainable conditions in terms of economy, culture and military
    3. be giving information to the politicians and leaders of a state in order to provide them a background as to the motives and means for the existing excessive stockpiles that do not align with what was initially agreed upon
    4. take place at the UN Headquarters in Vienna, to ensure:
      1. lack of hostility and tensions between Member States
      2. the efficiency and incorporation of respected points of view
      3. that the UN becomes more transparently involved with national affairs regarding nuclear weapons to allow less room for corruption and to help with solidifying trust between the country and the UN
      4. while not all Member States will have nuclear weapons, they must still be made aware of the current situations with those that do have nuclear weapons, which furthers the need for cooperation and transparency
    5. will discuss this recommendation of a reformed JCPOA clause:
      1. the maximum power of the redesigned Arak reactor is increased to 25 MW
      2. an additional IAEA based working group will support the ongoing partnertating a modernisation of the Arak reactor
      3. the low enrichment of uranium increases to a maximum purity of 4% of U-235
      4. increase the spent fuel reprocessing activities year floor for an additional 5 years on top to the previously agreed measures
      5. Iran may during any period of the timeline actively seek to initiate R&D on uranium metal based Tehran Research Reactor fuel in small quantities
    6. be repeated every two years in order to update the agreement and ensure the commitment of all Member States
    7. have international representations to enforce the terms of these agreements in the event that a Member State violates them by monitoring and investigating Iran’s plan to be in accordance with the new agreements for a period of two years until the second conference comes to term; 
  8. Wishes to remain actively seized upon the matter.