RESOLUTION SC292

FORUM: SECURITY COUNCIL

QUESTION OF: The Situation in Libya

SUBMITTED BY:

CO-SUBMITTERS:.

STATUSPassed

FORUM: Security Council

QUESTION OF: The Situation in Libya 

 

THE SECURITY COUNCIL,

 

Reiterating the need for international agents who participated in the Berlin Conference to

withhold participation in armed conflict and the internal affairs of Libya,

 

Acknowledging that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recognized

the situation in Libya and “condemn(ed) the violence and use of force against civilians,

deploring the gross and systematic violation of human rights”,

 

Understanding the Libyan civil wars in 2011 and 2014, that have created an unstable

governmental system leaving citizens vulnerable to the future to come, making political security

a priority in resolving the situation in Libya,

 

Alarmed by the threats made by government leaders to the wellbeing of the Libyan population,

and the signals that suggest the conflict will not end anytime soon, 

 

Aware of previous work that has been done to combat the issue, and the assistance of UN, as well as an array of Inter-Governmental organizations (IGOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),

 

Further reiterating​ the need for the Government of National Accord (GNA), House of Representatives (HoR)-backed Libyan National Army (LNA), and local militias to engage in

negotiations to solve the prolonged political stalemate and civil unrest that would lead to an

ambiguous future for Libya,

 

Recalling resolutions 2510 (2020) of 12 February 2020, 2542 (2020) of 15 September 2020,

2009 (2011) of 16 September 2011, and 1970 (2011) of 29 February 2011 and all previous

resolutions on the matter of the Libyan Conflict,

 

Acknowledging the dangers and influence of militant groups and the damage they can have on

Libyan citizens,

 

Welcoming the efforts of UNSMIL to provide humanitarian aid to the citizens of Libya,

 

Taking into consideration the actions of foreign powers in utilizing the conflict in Libya for their

own gain,

 

Also acknowledging the extreme food crisis, over-inflation, and electricity outages affecting the

Libyan peoples,

 

  1. Suggests Member States to provide humanitarian aid and support to the civilians in Libya through ways such as but not limited to:
    1. providing financial support to relevant organizations and programs such as the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support them on implementing relevant programs,
    2. subsidizing and funding, escorted by UN officials, to Libyan border states in the short term to better refugee conditions and reduce forced control, including but not limited to aid for:
      1. cooperating with relevant organizations such as World Food Programme (WFP) and the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) to support civilians in the aspect of safe drinking water, nutrition, sanitation, medical supplies, and other basic necessities,
      2. collaborating with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) for improved infrastructure in refugee camps,
      3.  implementing a protection system with the support of UN Peacekeeping forces,
      4. facilitating access to Primary and Secondary Education,
      5. facilitating access to job training, retraining and programs,
      6. development of utilities and public goods;

 

  1. Decides to expand the mandate of the UNSMIL as an integrated special political mission, in full accordance with the principles of national sovereignty, with intentions of:
    1. better integrating the region of Fezzan into LPA precedings;
    2. continuing its commitment to integrating women and youth perspectives into decision making;
    3. continuing to mediate a ceasefire between relevant parties;
    4. reviewing the effectiveness of the Arms Embargo established in resolution 1970 (2011) and amended in resolutions since then;
    5. working in tandem with the appropriate branches of the African Union and other inter-state organizations;
    6. exploring the possibility of working with the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts with the task of:
      1. researching and recommending a suitable and secure virtual platform for negotiations to take place on,
      2. taking the appropriate measures to ensure that the negotiations are not compromised by any party not specified in the following clause;
    7. creating a peacekeeping force consisting of up to 100 military observers and the necessary civilian support staff will be established in key areas around Libya including:
      1. major cities such as but not limited to Tripoli, Sirte, Benghazi, Tobruk,
      2. oil fields such as but not limited to: Al fil Oil Field, Sharara Oil Field, El Sharara Oil Field, Abu-Attifel Oil Field, Wafa Oil Field, El Feel Oil Field,
      3. places along lines of different territorial control such as but not limited to: As Subaytat, Taraghin, Zintan Airport, Rahibat, Rebyana, Salvador Pass, Jufra Airbase,
    8. ensuring that the peacekeeping force will undertake the following duties:
      1. establishing and putting into operation the mechanism for verifying the removal of foreign troops from Libya,
      2. establishing and putting into operation the mechanism for verifying the cessation of hostilities,
      3. establishing lines of demarcation within the territory of Libya in order to preserve the ceasefire,
      4. preventing any territorial forces from capturing land while the ceasefire is active and while negotiations are underway,
      5. assisting the UNCCT task force in implementing any counter-terrorism initiatives they suggest,
      6. assisting in planning for a future peacekeeping operation as necessary;
      7. helping member states and NGOs to provide humanitarian aid in Libya;
    9. preventing the potential sexual abuse and harassment by the UN peacekeeping soldiers through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. asking relevant NGOs and IGOs to monitor, record, and prevent relevant sexual exploitation misconduct by peacekeeping soldiers,
      2. expressing no-tolerance of accepting such crimes and impose harsh penalties and regulations under the UNSMIL peacekeeping mandate to punish convicted peacekeeping soldiers;

 

  1. Encourages the start of negotiations encompassing all members, on a refugee and asylum deal that will be led by unity and responsibility sharing of the members, which will seek the equitable share of refugees among the refugee hosting countries as to alleviate the possibility of human rights violations taking place due to the overload of refugees in the shores of Mediterranean sea;

  1. Condemns the presence of foreign forces, including private mercenaries hired by foreign corporations and calls upon the UNSMIL to conduct a report into the effects of the presence of foreign troops in Libya to be reported to the UNSC biannually, where it can be decided if further action is required;

 

  1. Urges for Libyan-led negotiations that would be held in a virtual setting hosted on a secure digital platform secured by the UNGGE:
  1. with representatives from:
    1. the Government of National Accord,
    2. the Libyan National Army,
    3. Turkey,
    4. Italy,
    5. Egypt,
    6. African Union,
    7. the United Nations Security Council,
    8. the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, to ensure the pacificity and diplomatic discussion can be maintained,
  2. with the intention of:
    1. improving the foundations of a new government, with representatives from the GNA and LNA, to be based on the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, in order to: enforce lasting peace, improve the economy, care for its citizens,
    2. creating a lasting nationwide ceasefire in accordance with resolutions 2510 (2020) and 2542 (2020),
    3. recognizing who is responsible for the oil fields in order to: benefit the Libyan economy and prevent the misuse of oil reserves;

      7. Wishes to remain actively seized upon the matter.