RESOLUTION SC393

FORUM: SECURITY COUNCIL

QUESTION OF: The Situation in Yemen

SUBMITTED BY:

CO-SUBMITTERS:.

STATUSPassed

QUESTION OF: The Situation in Yemen 

FORUM: United Nations Security Council 

THE SECURITY COUNCIL, 

Aware of the fact that over 24 million people in Yemen, or about 25 million or 80% of the population, including 12 million children, are in desperate need of humanitarian assistance, 

 

Reaffirming that many member states have contributed financial aid, including financial aid relating to the Coronavirus pandemic, to guide Yemen out of this crisis, yet Yemen is still highly underfunded,

 

Recalling that the Security Council unanimously adopting resolution 2140 (2014) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council encouraged all the country’s constituencies, including youth and women’s groups, to continue their active and constructive engagement in Yemen’s political transition on the 26th February 2014,

 

Expressing its appreciation for how UNICEF has been on Yemeni ground, saving children’s lives and helping them cope with the impact of conflict and helping them resume and recover their childhoods, and the actions of the World Food Programme (WFP)

 

Recognizing the religious and ethnic differences that led to the conflict in Yemen, especially the conflict between the Shafi’i Sunni, Zaydi Shia, and Isma’ili Shia, 

 

Recognizing the Stockholm Agreement and its profound effect on peace in the Port of Hodeidah and its positive implications for future peace negotiations,

 

Requests nations to accept the Joint Declaration which allows for temporary break from war and allows for the discussions regarding political campaigns,

 

Condemning the spread of militant and terrorist ideologies and violence within the country of Yemen,

 

  1. Encourages all parties involved with the conflict to be dedicated to promoting peace in Yemen without the use of military forces to the best of their abilities, in addition to guaranteeing all operations performed comply with international laws concerning in particular human rights by collaborating with IGOs and involved states to minimize civilian casualties with means such as:
    1. creating clauses within treaties to create demilitarized zones in conflict zones for safe passage of humanitarian aid
    2. providing IGO personnel with special identification to grant them protected admission through territories of both conflicting parties
    3. providing medical workers, such as the ones of the International Committee of the Red Cross, to each party, so the wounded soldiers receive medical attention;

 

  1. Suggests the initiation of virtual Yemeni-led conferences, secured by the UNGGE, for communications and discussions among countries, including neutral third party organizations, ethnic and religious groups with:
    1. representatives from:
      1. the Government of Yemen
      2. the Houthis
      3. the Saudi-Arabian led coalition
      4. the Islamic Republic of Iran
      5. the United Nations Security Council
    2. the intention of:
      1. promoting the development of the new government, with representatives from the Government of Yemen and the Houthis, in order to enforce lasting peace, improve the economy, care for its citizens, and ensure fair and equitable representation from majority religions in Yemen, including Shafi’i Sunni, Zaydi Shia, and Isma’ili Shia
      2. securing democratic elections to be held under the supervision of the DPPA (Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs), taking sufficient steps to inform Yemen’s population on the elections and ensuring the safety of voters,
      3. creating a lasting nationwide ceasefire applying to all belligerents;
    3. the purpose of  reaching a consensus with Houthis and Yemeni governments and the presence of neutral third parties to reach a consensus that can eradicate the current terrorists within Yemen; 

 

  1. Calls upon the following arrangements in order to guarantee long-term peace and democracy in the Republic of Yemen, should it be achieved in the first place:
    1. establishment of an international coalition, the Yemen Relief Force (YRF), which will be made up of neutral member states at the discretion of the UNSC and shall remain active until January 1 2022 ensuring that the sovereignty of the Republic of Yemen is not breached by any member-states, through the establishment of a no-fly zone over Yemeni airspace enforced by the YRF, and a border force with a maritime component, in order to enforce counter-piracy operations
    2. the Supreme Council of Yemen will cease its military operations entirely in an armistice mediated by neutral states such as the Swiss Confederation and will reintegrate itself into the Republic of Yemen, in return for:
      1. subsidies provided by member-states to assist the reconstruction of the post-war Houthi territories
      2. those holding the equivalent ranks to NATO OF-6 or above shall be granted amnesty
      3. all currently held prisoners of war shall be released following the Supreme Council of Yemen’s official surrender
    3. the Saudi-led coalition’s immediate withdrawal from the territory of the Republic of Yemen
    4. a cease of support by all member-states towards any non-member-state belligerents in the Yemen civil war, or face:
      1. additional economic sanctions that will target the member-state’s leadership’s assets and military infrastructure
      2. more active maritime surveillance of the Arabian Gulf, conducted by NATO, to prevent the illegal transfer of smuggled weapons to belligerent non-member-state organizations;

 

  1. Decides to recommend the Youth and Health Committee to establish a United Nations Support Mission in Yemen for Health and Sanitation (UNSMIYHS), under the leadership of a Special Representative of the Secretary-General for an initial period of three months, and decides further that the mandate of UNSMIYHS shall be to assist and support Yemeni national efforts to:
    1. combat the COVID-19 pandemic via the following:
      1. collaborating with organizations such as the Red Cross and Doctors Without Borders to provide necessary health care with appropriate supplies such as vaccines or drugs 
      2. providing adequate medical supplies including Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and physicians to the Yemenite population, to curb the spread of Covid-19, this would be done with pre-existing NGOs
      3. creating the infrastructure for the distribution of a vaccine for COVID-19 to the Yemenite population
    2. educate the population of Yemen regarding Covid-19 and its effects, by sending groups of willing international professional doctors and nurses that travel around parts of Yemen where the civil war is less prominent
    3. create camps or stations across Yemen through the helps of UN and other NGOs to ensure healthcare available within as many parts of Yemen as possible
    4. develop social distancing measures designed to fit within the confines of the crowded refugee camps;

 

  1. Authorizes the deployment of United Nations peacekeeping forces with the mandate to enforce policies of the UN recognized Yemeni authorities, and in doing so perform actions such as but not  limited to: 
    1. conducting the arrests of any individuals inflicting violence to civilian persons in the area
    2. conducting the arrests of any individuals causing the violations of human rights in the area
    3. ensuring the safe and thorough deployment of United Nations Missions and international relief efforts in Yemen by:
      1. ensuring the safety of humanitarian workers
      2. ensuring the security of local humanitarian infrastructure
    4. proceed to place said arrested individuals in violation of inflicting violence to civilian persons and violating human rights in local Yemeni prisons: 
      1. under the supervision and aurd of both UN peacekeeping forces and UN recognized Yemeni authorities
      2. the extradition of prisoners arrested to be returned to their home countries;

 

  1. Invites the Yemeni government to consider participating in multicultural economic initiatives deemed as beneficial by the Yemeni government under the condition of sustainable intra-Yemeni dialogue between the Houthis and the Hadi-led Government, in order to improve long-term living conditions, infrastructure and providing an incentive for consensus by encouraging: 
    1. expansion of security and anti-piracy infrastructure along the coastline of the Red Sea
    2. collaboration with other member states and economic corridors as means to maximise global economic activity and economic output
    3. the development of hard infrastructure such as commercial and transportation in order to stabilize the supply chain
    4. the development financial and economic integration such as negotiation of free trade agreements and policy coordination
    5. the extraction of resources for long-term sustainable development;

 

  1. Asks for an immediate return to the ceasefire stipulated in the Hodeidah Agreement through the following methods:
    1. asking for the removal of armed forces from the city of Hodeidah as well as from the ports in Hodeidah as agreed on December 18 2018,
    2. maintaining the terms stipulated in the agreement and not deploying forces:
      1. if forces are deployed an extraordinary meeting of the UNSC shall be scheduled to discuss such,
      2. such meeting shall be scheduled in near time to the hypothetical event, and shall be attended from all members of the UNSC,
    3. monitoring of the situation shall be conducted from the United Nations Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA) which is a special political mission established in S/R/2452 enforcing that:
      1. the UNMHA shall send continuous reports to the UNSC which are objective by defining the situation which is in course
      2. such reports shall be conducted exclusively by the UNMHA to submit to the UNSC
      3. if the UNMHA discovers acts which are against the terms of the Hodeidah Agreement it shall be reported immediately to the UNSC as further discussed in clause B;

 

  1. Urges member states to cooperate with organizations relevant to humanitarian assistance such as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in order to support the civilians affected by the military actions within the area through ways such as but not limited to:
    1. funding relevant organizations that have humanitarian programs in Yemen such as World Food Programme (WFP), the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. creating a fourth UN donor conference specifically for the Yemeni crisis
      2. requesting donors who pledged funds the previous year to release their funds
    2. setting up supply stations supervised by NGOs and IGOs to ensure the distribution of humanitarian resources among civilian;

 

  1. Wishes to remain actively seized on the matter.