RESOLUTION SDC 211

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to improve the housing conditions of people living in slums or informal settlements

SUBMITTED BY: United States of America

CO-SUBMITTERS:Burundi, Gabon, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Kenya, Mali, Iran, UN-Women, Saudi Arabia.

STATUSSubmitted

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Establishing a slum as a densely populated, poor residential area consisting of house units that are extremely close together, and can either be located in urban or suburban areas,

Alarmed by the fact that 1 billion people live in slums and this number is expected to reach 2 billion by 2030, and 3 billion by 2050,

Recognizing the increased rates of urban to rural migration which lead to rapid urbanization as a key factor which leads to the creation and growth of slums, as governments are often incapable of meeting the needs of a rapidly growing urban population,

Deeply convinced that overpopulation is one of the main reasons for the existence of slums and informal settlements,

Realising that many people move to more urban areas for reasons such as better economic opportunities, better education and the provision of basic services which cannot be found in rural areas people turn to urban areas to escape the restrictive social and cultural norms found in the rural areas, 

Believing that poverty, environmental issues, natural disasters, conflicts of war are also considered factors that motivate people to leave the rural areas,

Emphasizing that because workers in the informal economy lack protection, rights and representation, they often remain trapped in poverty,

Keeping in mind the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015

Defining MEDCs as More Economically Developed Countries which are determined in accordance with the greater industrialization level of a country and superiority of GDP per capita magnitude of a country compared to other countries

Further defining LEDCs as Less Economically Developed Countries which are determined in accordance with the lesser industrialization level of a country and inferiority of GDP per capita magnitude of a country compared to other countries,

Conscious of the rapid growth of informal settlements and informal economies that is causing economic inactivity and urban sprawl,

  1. Emphasizes the need for the governments of member states to provide rural areas with equal opportunities and to prevent the increase of slums in urban areas, regarding the 11th of the 17 sustainable development goals, sustainable cities, and communities, by:
    1. having a government-funded body collaborating closely with the local leaders of rural communities in order to produce bi-annual detailed reports accessible to the public with correct statistics containing:
      1. the common areas in need of funding and improvement
      2. the feedback and complaints of the citizens
      3. the solutions for the problems at hand
      4. utilizing the reports previously mentioned to maintain the outdated facilities and infrastructure, document the progress in the satisfaction of citizens through the means of a survey consulting a wide range of the residents, recognize the local services and organizations in need of financing and provide them with economic aid
    2. requesting financial support from such as but not limited to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) from which LEDCs economic aid will be prioritized since infrastructure and basic services are more in need of development in these states;
  2. Affirms the importance of national debt in poverty reduction by promoting the improvement of debt financing, debt relief, and management in member states, especially HIPCs and countries with high external and/or public debt, to ensure that vulnerable nations are less susceptible to risk from external shocks that result in increased poverty and:
    1. remove the obstacles impeding sustainable development through:
      1. the collaboration between multilateral organizations like the IMF and governments
      2. the establishment of debt relief mechanisms for implementation in relevant member nations, and the subsequent monitoring of their efficacy through biannual reports
      3. the provision of loans through the IMF’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust;
  3. Endorses the need for member states to guarantee the affordability of housing with the help of the UNDP if necessary to ensure the availability of safe low-cost settlements for low-income workers by means such as but not limited to:
    1. the creation of a government program offering that would provide eligible low-income renters with rental housing assistance to assure that citizens are not forced to settle in unsafe settlements such as slums, as well as safe apartment styled complexes that would provide population moving from slums or informal settlements with housing options;
    2. working towards eliminating the practice of single-family zoning to:
      1. prevent the excessive rise of property prices
      2. ensure the availability of properties to all regardless of economic status
      3. aid in ceasing house discrimination against low-income households in neighborhoods;
  4. Encourages the Member States to provide more job opportunities or support businesses that may provide more job opportunities in rural areas to slow down rural to urban migration due to economic inactivity by:
    1. creating fund programs to support the development and growth of businesses which will gradually create more job opportunities in rural areas for businesses in rural areas that must:
      1. be located in an area or region which will be designated as rural or urban by government-assigned personnel in the national bank as a designation unit whose enlistment and objectivity will be assured by the United Nations Join Inspection unit
      2. have an auspicious development plan and future of which the beneficial being estimated by a portfolio specialist
    2. relocating factories and companies by providing incentives such as a reduced tax rate for factories and companies that relocate to rural areas
    3. investing and encouraging investments in these areas to urbanize and develop aforementioned deficient areas in order to prevent urban sprawl by:
      1. introducing more advantageous loaning methods for parties whose investments are approved for a loan by the national bank such as but not limited to lessened interests, expanded time limits, higher loan allotments
      2. encouraging deals with private companies to embolden more investments, projects, and possible deals that may be brought by these projects and investments;
  5. Requires all Member States to ensure the education of minors for that it is their right according to Article 26 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Articles 13 and 14 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights by:
    1. prioritizing areas lacking primary education and prioritizing higher education subsequently
    2. investing into the construction of new schools funded by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) aiming to meet the required amounts of workspace to educate minors fully and effectively which will:
      1. meet educated personnel requirements which will aim to train and educate possible personnel
      2. be given to the Member States prioritizing LEDC’s since these states need financial aid more than other states to meet the aforementioned Articles’ requirements
    3. in collaboration with the World Bank and Ministries of Education, set up schools near slums and other informal settlements, where educators teach children, basic school subjects depending on the country’s national curriculum;
  6. Recommends resorting to UNSAC for planned urbanization; seeking support, assistance, planning regulations, or an urbanization plan to help prevent the rapid urban sprawl and aim to decrease the growing number of slums by:
    1. devising a new set of planning regulations or a city plan to prompt planned urbanization and un-adopt slump settlement which will:
      1. be fabricated depending on the member states’ choice with the assist of, under supervision of, in cooperation with or fully by UNSAC
      2. aim to achieve planning regulations or a city plan, realistically attaining maximum efficiency and sufficient effectiveness with present or soon to be obtained infrastructure and basic services
      3. aim to achieve declination in slump density and in slump incrementation
    2. effectuating urban transformation in accordance with the aforementioned planning regulations and city plan to restore planned urbanization, the safety of residents, and abandoning slums by:
      1. prioritizing regions in which preponderance of slums are present
      2. granting residents with financial aid during the conversion process to assure residents’ possession of a shelter;
  7. Urges all Member States to give an end to systemic racism and discrimination which deprives many people of chances and opportunities in life through means such as:
    1. condemning the act of systemic racism and all the actions that go with it including redlining, since it deprives, many neighborhoods and people of opportunities, which will be achieved through means such as:
      1. enabling people of lower incomes to be able eligible of receiving lower interest loans, under the circumstance that their loan is being monitored, eventually paid back and the receiver has some credibility
      2. not redlining districts in order for both people of higher and lower-income to both contribute to the district by having their property tax go to the funding of the district
    2. reform the legislative system in order to avoid implicit bias through means such as establishing social programs, which promote equality and chances to all people, through the education of employers.