RESOLUTION SDC 212

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to improve the housing conditions of populations living in slums or informal settings

SUBMITTED BY: Malta

CO-SUBMITTERS:Ecuador, Kazakhstan, Romania, Philippines, Kuwait, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, South Africa, Tunisia, Hungary, Kenya.

STATUSPassed

Sustainable Development Committee,

Recognises that there are currently 2.8 billion people living in slums or informal settings,

Defines an informal setting as different housing groups have been constructed on land that the occupants legally have no claim to,

Further defines a slum as an overcrowded urban street that is filled with extremely poor people and small, hut like houses placed close together,

Acknowledges the 11th sustainable development goal (SDG) which aims to promote the creation of cities and human settlements that are inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable,

Concerned by the risk of rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus in areas of dense population, such as those typically found in slums or informal settlements, 

Aware of the necessity of vast urbanisation across the world in order to keep up with rapid population growth,

Considering the relative success of the Maltese scheme in the 1950s to improve the living conditions of those living in the slum of Manderaggi, as well as the government provision of accommodation which greatly aided the development of the area and the living situations of those affected,

Having Studied the numerous negative impacts of slums and informal settlements, such as violence (evidenced by the reduced life expectancy of a slum resident compared to national averages, in nations such as Brazil), unsafe living conditions, and unacceptable education standards for children, 

Noting with regret the difficulty associated with upgrading or relocating slums, including but not limited to: the location of slums, insecure tenure, land regularization, and financial difficulty

Viewing with appreciation the positive work done by both the United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN Habitat) and the Global Housing Strategy (GHS), in order to recognise the risks posed by slums and seek to upgrade slums and reduce these problems,

  1. Recalling the support given by the conclusion of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) regarding the issue, states should seek to classify housing not solely as an object of capital possession, but instead as an intrinsic right of the citizen, thus seeking to promote the rapid creation of high quality, affordable housing to replace inadequate quality slums;   
  2. Calls for the United Nation Development Program (UNDP) and  The United Nation Human Settlement Committee to oversee all the following clauses in this resolution, this body will work with all relevant NGOs and provide and manage funds needed to carry out the following clauses all member states to ratify New Urban Agenda and follow the instructions provided in it which will help governments better carry out their urban plannings in slums or informal settlements;
  3. Suggest the creation of large-scale UN sites that should be located within a suitable distance from any one person living in a registered settlement as decided by the governments of member states with aid from civil engineers, when there is no towns or city surrounding them within that radius, these sites should provide all needs that may be found in an urban setting and provide job opportunities:
    1. The formalization of pre-existing unofficial jobs within slums, as well as promoting the government development of employment available to those who are seasonally unemployed living in slums,  
    2. The facilities on these sites should be included but are not limited to spaces where local vendors have an opportunity to sell any goods, allowing the way for these local enterprises to flourish, selling food and clothing and other essential goods including sanitary products, a primary and secondary level education facility, health services, including, GPs, Dentist and psychiatrists,
    3. Calls for the UN to provide incentives for member nations to implement member specific laws regarding the changing of land uses of agricultural land into urbanized areas to prevent the increase of land value of certain areas,
    4. Public buses should be provided running in the radius around these sites allowing easy transport to these facilities, especially for those attending education on these sites, 
    5. Small scale businesses (SSEs) and wages for those working on these sites will be paid by the UN to provide their services on these sites, furthermore, slum dwellers and other residents of informal settlements will be incentivized to operate in SSEs,
    6. These sites should include at least 2 apartment blocks made up of roughly 20 apartments each of varying sizes and the (UNCPGUA) will provide monetary incentives for people living in slums or informal settlements to move there, these apartments should be limited to 1 family per apartment to prevent overcrowding, however there are exceptions to this and should be discussed on a case-by-case basis; 
  1. Contemplating the rapid population growth and urbanization that is likely to occur across the world over the rest of the century, member states should look into studying where this growth is likely to have the most significant housing impact, and consequently develop a ‘Future Cities’ action plan, in order to prevent the emergence of unnecessary slums: 
    1. ‘Future Cities’ action plan would involve studying the possible impacts of poor-quality accommodation where slums are likely to arise, and where cities are likely to expand rapidly, to develop ideas that aid the prevention of a fall in quality of life, and create a report incorporating the following:
      1. specifics on factors amplifying the growth of slums, in relation to the particular areas being assessed
      2. Case studies of specific regions in the country which have taken steps to tackle factors affecting the growth of slums and have succeeded to an extent

            iii.  Solutions to the issue specific to the nation, and how regions can incorporate said solutions in a cost-effective,  sustainable manner;

    2. Use government funding to invest in either incentivising or subsidising the execution of the findings of the ‘Future Cities’ action plan, developing affordable housing available to those previously living in slums and informal settlements; 
  1. Requests for the following deadlines to be met: 
    1. All buildings stated in this resolution should begin immediately and be completed by January 2030, however, recognizing this is not possible in every country at the moment due to the restrictions. due to the COVID-19 virus and we should except room for this deadline to be lengthened in such cases,
    2. All clauses that are not building related should be implemented by 2025, 
    3. After 2030 a 5-year, which will conclude in 2035, trial will begin under which where we monitor how each UN site is working ensuring that these sites are work as intended and provide each person either residing with in them or using these facilities are being provided with their Human Rights, 
    4. A conference to be held in Geneva, Switzerland in 2035 to review all findings with this 5-year trial and to review what changes need to be made to improve the wellbeing of individuals;
  1. Calls for the creation of a specific organization within the UN Sustainable Developed Committee (UNSDC), whose function is to set standardized procedure for developing countries in order to provide them technical assistance, give practical advice to each country depending on its developing stage and provide a place for experience sharing among countries to be more frequent, including but not limited to:
    1. establishing an open and transparent database and updating every year,
      1. Providing the number of residents in informal settlements, the percentage of how many people have access to clean water, electricity and good sanitation, the number of average household income and crime rate      
      2. Offering the amount of government’s funding inputs which is used to ensure basic services in informal dwellings
    2. Conducting field visits to the improving residential areas in slums of informal settlements by United Nations officials regularly,
    3. The investigate will measure the improvement from sanitary, refuse removal, drinking water, electricity and crime rate
    4. Publishing white paper book on sustainable development of informal settlements every five years, the white paper will include some examples that contain viable steps taken by other governments that have proved to be effective, the organization’s periodic review of the improvement of living conditions in slums.

7.Urges all member nations to recognise urbanisation as an inevitability and therefore plan for urban growth and development, which in turn will discourage the increase of future slums, by:

a. Planning for development of settlements for the poorest citizens, potentially originated from domain experts, text mining and database metadata, by:

i. Identifying land that isn’t in use and is likely to eventually turn into informal settlements,

ii. Collect slum characteristics such as but not limited to building characteristics, building density, layout, location information and neighbourhood characteristics,

b. Implementing the improvement method on cells that  have been found to have a strong propensity for development during the CA, by maintaining the essential character of infrastructure however making minor improvements such as but not limited to:

i. Making old buildings more sanitary by:

a. Ensuring plumbing is present and functional, with a focus on access to clean water,

b.Implementing faecal sludge monitoring and management,

c. Introducing education on proper sanitation and the importance thereof,

d. Enstating a health care system,

ii.Ensure the infrastructure meets safety regulations such as the ones introduced by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), including:

a. Measures to protect against flammability, fire doors and appropriate escape routes in case they are required,

b. Implementing a combustible cladding ban,

c. Remediation of buildings with ACM cladding,

d. Usage of suitable materials that can withstand the environmental impacts in that area;