QUESTION OF: Measures to improve the housing conditions of population living in slums or informal settlements

SUBMITTED BY: Mozambique

CO-SUBMITTERS:Thailand, Belgium, Belarus, Burundi, Congo, China, Ecuador, Mexico, Oman, Jamaica.


Noting the fact that the urban population across the world has rapidly been increasing, (increasing by 3% globally between the years of 2010 and 2020), the increase of informal settlements as well as slum populations is inevitable, 

Further noting the fact that the poverty rate has increased worldwide for the first time since the year 1998 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic,

Alarmed by the rapid increase of unemployment in the year 2020, and a lack of secure tenure by the low income and unemployed,

Further alarmed by the projected population in the year 2030 of people living in slums to be three billion,

Recognizing UN-Habitat as an organization that aids those in informal settlements and/or slums, as well as securing tenure for said people,

Further recognizing the New Urban Agenda (NUA) as a long term goal for member states, especially currently developing nations, to achieve,

Observing the lack of action to prevent the formation of new slums and informal settlements, especially in low-income high population nations, as well as the focused attention by many organizations on rehoming and upgrading with less consent of the tenant,

  1. Calls for nations to ratify the right to housing as a basic human right and to take measures in city planning and development to make adequate and affordable housing for low-income populations that will continue to surge with measure including, but not limited to:
    1. having member states provide financial assistance to individuals living in slums, in order for them to be able to leave these areas for better urban planned buildings
    2. the easing of restrictions on credit loaning, as well as taking loans from banks for these types of people so that they can afford to leave these slums
    3. the subsidization of paying off such loans, depending on the financial situation of the people involved, which would allow for:
      1. the banks involved to not lose money on the investment, keeping the firm intact
      2. the individuals involved will be able to leave this situation in a livable financial state
    4. the lowering of taxes on these types of people, of which is more then what the state would usually tax, with which the member state can use any measure necessary that this won’t economically hurt the state;
  2. Calls for the UN and its member states to delegate experts to the UN to form a committee called the United Nations Baan Mankong Programme (UNBMP) meant to examine and determine better ways of efficiently allocating resources to fund slum reconstruction that is applicable to all states, of which would encompass:
    1. working with leaders and influential peoples residing in large slums, working with the consent of such leaders and what they believe is the best course of action, to make sure that:
      1. the relocation of the slums is of positive benefit for both the national and international party
      2. so that there would be further communication that would allow for flexibility and a strong bureaucratic accountability
    2. the allocation of resources that would most effectively build infrastructure to and from urban areas and slums
    3. the allocation of resources for annual plans meant to restructure entire urban areas, which would include:
      1. the structuring of industrial areas alongside that of the slums
      2. the structuring of public areas that have been freed from the slums
      3. the structure of commercial zones that have been reclaimed from the slums;
  3. Approving the committee of experts to also have delegations into willing nations who need assistance in organizing slums into better managed urban areas that effectively distribute land between buildings and infrastructure, in the least expensive way possible, in order to:
    1. have a more centralized operation conducted by the international community, so that more member states would have a clearer path to achieving SDG 11
    2. have delegated experts to include the best interests of the nation in mind, and would be able to have an understanding of how to apply such measures to the apparatus of the member state
    3. have more consensus among the international community about what would be the best way to advance city planning within urban slums;
  4. Considers the implementation of a temporary resettlement program for people living within slums in order to properly begin reconstruction efforts of the slums, with suggested provisions such as:
    1. the government would provide assistance and subsidization if an individual were to leave, of which an example of this would be:
      1. moving individuals outside of slums into zones of temporary living of which the government can provide for their living standards
      2. moving individuals into urban areas owned by the state where these people can temporarily reside
    2. the people would then work their regular jobs, with higher taxation going to the government, of which would be used to fund the reconstruction of the homes of these people, of which this is done so that:
      1. the state doesn’t have to exhaust as many resources during the reconstruction
      2. the people would be fairly acting as a part of the investment into the rebuilding of their homes
    3. upon completion of the work, the people would then move back into these buildings and would return to their regular routine, of which this is done in order to:
      1. negate any of the negative effects of excluding these people from their only shelter
      2. so that a more permanent solution to the infrastructure of the slums can be resolved;
  5. Supports allowing for the reclassification of impoverished people, at the hazard of reconstruction programs from slums, into a social group similar to the classification of refugees, thus allowing for the UN to:
    1. actively support these individuals by providing them with humanitarian support, of which this would allow them to:
      1. worry less about providing essential goods like food and water to themselves or their family
      2. this would allow the individual to save up more money so that when they can eventually return back to their lives, they would be in a better financial position
    2. create camps similar to the way they fund refugee camps, which would allow for:
      1. the shelter of these people during an act of reconstruction of their homes or nearby infrastructure
      2. the shelter of people who have been displaced by the failure of the infrastructure supporting their homes
    3. better monitor and assist member states in the reformation of slums, as it has become a matter of defending the livelihood of these people;
  6. Recommends the World Bank to more freely fund works of infrastructure between urban areas and slums, as well as infrastructure within slums, of which the member state is incapable of funding on their own, which would mean that:
    1. the World Bank should more readily accept offers from nations less likely to pay back the loan, due to economic hardships determined to be caused by weak urban planning
    2. the World Bank more readily extend loan repayments for nations whose economies have only begun to grow following the investment into infrastructure
    3. the World Bank be open to fulfilling requests from HIC nations that still contain urban areas that the UN would define as slums, with the provisions that:
      1. these must be impoverished areas, sharing the same level of calcification as MIC and LIC slums
      2. these areas should be unable to properly grow out of the sphere of poverty due to the lack of resources being allocated to these areas
      3. the World Bank does not have to comply with clauses “a” and “b”, as HIC’s are often capable of repaying these loans.