RESOLUTION SDC 232

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to improve the housing conditions of population living in slums or informal settlements

SUBMITTED BY: Cameroon

CO-SUBMITTERS:Tanzania, United Rep., Sudan, Spain, Sierra Leone, Sweden, Madagascar, Estonia, Burundi, Bosnia & Herzegovina.

STATUSPassed

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE,

Alarmed that around 1 billion people are currently living in slums while 213 million people are living in informal settlements,

Recalling the satisfaction progress made by the United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN-Habitat) and the General Assembly’s Resolution A/RES/71/256 “New Urban Agenda” in improving living conditions in slums and informal settlements and providing basic services,

Taking into account the lack of adequate and affordable housing in many low-income areas that leads to the development of slums and informal settlements,

Alarmed by the appalling living conditions of slums which endanger human lives and cause the slum dwellers to be vulnerable to life-threatening diseases. 

Emphasizing the importance of additional hygiene measures that need to be taken during the COVID-19 pandemic to stop the spread of the disease,

  1. Calls upon the creation of an International Centralized Database with vital information regarding the city’s settlements so that all slums are recognized and addressed in slum upgrading projects by:  
    1. regularly updating the database in order to:
      1. keep track of which settlements have already received substantial funding
      2. add potential new settlements which could eventually receive financial support from such programs mentioned
    2. establishing extensive criteria based on which local and national reports which make up the database can be evaluated to avoid:
      1. questionable, unreliable reports such as the ones published by the Renewal Assistance Administration (RAA) which could potentially generate numerous challenges and obstacles towards the improvement of such settlements
    3. strongly advising governments at a local level and relevant Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to identifying slums and informal settlements which involves processes such as but not limited to locating areas of human habitation:
      1. lacking connectivity to essential services including water, electricity
      2. where infrastructure valid legal documentation to prove legitimacy
      3. where inhabitants fail to provide authorization of access to land and buildings which they occupy to prove their claim
    4. further recommends central governments to establish complete systems of slum-identification through:
      1. recording the above data which qualify residential areas as slums and informal settlements
      2. updating the registered data on an annual basis
    5. adding identification documents of slum residents to such database in order to:
      1. identify which residents are in need of legal aid provided by national governments
      2. provide employment services to residents that are currently unemployed
      3. ensure that residents are currently working at the minimum established wage and are receiving assigned social benefits if eligible for such;
  2. Encourages the adoption of methods to ensure the effectiveness of land regularization, the process by which an illegally occupied land is rendered legally habitable, and minimize its negative effects, such as but not limited to:
    1. the requirement of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs), which constitute a method of detailed survey, containing a baseline study used to measure environmental conditions before development commences and to identify areas and species of conservation importance, prior to the undertaking of land regularization, in order to weigh the costs and benefits of such an action, render decisions about it more effective and limit the negative environmental impact,
    2. physical upgrades of slums towards sustainable urbanization and improved quality of life by, but not limited to:
      1. better transportation infrastructure
      2. providing more long lasting and sustainable materials
      3. the building of water pumps and toilets, specifically split for men and women to try and protect women, the building of facilities for education and health
      4. the improvement of broadband connectivity in order to bridge the gap between those who live in the slums and those who do not;
  3. Calls upon all member states to develop national programs aimed at upgrading sanitation facilities in such settlements, including, but not limited to:
    1. urging the education and implementation of disease prevention in order to reduce the spread of virus and teach about how to improve sanitation by:
      1. reduce overcrowding by building larger settlements made from more sustainable materials
      2. having lessons on health and sanitation to improve knowledge
      3. having the government provide vaccinations and important medicine as well as check ups at no extra cost
    2. providing basic services, in particular for:
      1. running water, such as but not limited to digging wells for clean drinking water, implementing systems to collect and store rainwater, building more taps for clean water closer to slums and toilets
      2. waste management, such as but not limited to building latrines and toilets that dispose of human waste in a safe manner, creating a more advanced sewage and drainage system throughout the slums
    3. requests member states to strengthen and increase the dweller’s accessibility toward public health care services and educational programs through ways such as but not limited to:
    4. encourages governments to incentivize teachers, doctors, and relevant organizations to established educational programs and healthcare facilities through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. offering tax breaks
      2. requiring the government to provide the necessary materials needed for these programs and services
    5. collaborating with relevant NGOs that targets on promoting to establish a more efficient communities’ public health or sufficient educational programs such as but not limited to:
      1. doctors of the World
      2. childhood Education International (CEI);
  4. Emphasizes the importance of supporting youths in slums by providing them opportunities, skills and proper education to improve their condition, while also protecting and supporting them by:
    1. providing subsidies to local schools if a minimum number of slum children are learning in schools and tax incentives for amount and length of stay by;
      1. having NGO volunteers help build and provide educators, as well as funding from the World Bank if necessary,
      2. providing additional support from outside councilors to protect the mental well-being of children
      3. providing topics and skills in their curriculum specific to their needs such as sanitation
      4. the provision of access to affordable education resources such as but not limited to textbooks, novels, used computers or electronics and stationary
    2. considering homework clubs to provide adult supervision for the children with their studies outside from the slums for structure and support to reduce drop-outs of slim dweller youths
    3. providing additional teaching for residents to provide skills such as technology training and other skills and knowledge useful for obtaining higher paying jobs to move away from.