RESOLUTION SDC 233

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to improve the housing conditions of populations living in slums or informal settings

SUBMITTED BY: UNDP

CO-SUBMITTERS:Benin, Lebanon, Malta, Oman, Honduras, Switzerland, Ukraine, Viet nam, Yemen.

STATUSSubmitted

Recognizing that cities and countries worldwide are being forced to cope with unprecedented growth, which leads the the creation of slums and informal settlements,

Emphasizing that poor planning of cities and urban areas, as well as a lack of affordable housing inevitably leads to the growth of slums and informal settlements,

Deeply concerned by the fact that 75% of cities around the world have had increased income disparity over the past 20 years,

Noting that epidemics spread much more rapidly in informal settlements and slums due to many factors, including but not limited to, the proximity of residents and unsanitary living conditions,

Noting that global unemployment rates have increased drastically due to Covid-19 and acknowledging that unemployment as well as poverty is a large factor in the creation of slums and informal settlements,

Guided by the United Nations’ 17 sustainable development goals established in 2016, specifically goal 1 “No poverty”, goal 4 “Quality education, goal 6 “Clean water and sanitation” as well as goal 11 “Sustainable cities and communities”,

Emphasizing on the 1,6 billion people currently living in inadequate conditions and the lack of attention paid by many governments around the world,

Noting with appreciation the past attempts made to improve housing conditions of population living in slums,

  1. Strongly advises all member states to focus on the educational formation and foundation by:
    1.  implementing public schools in slums:
      1. creation of sustainable and larger buildings, to be built in proximity to students
      2. employment of qualified teachers and training for those who wish to become teachers
    2. creating a government agency that financially supports children who continue education
    3. the UN can aid and support countries who need support with creating and running organizations and agencies to support children by: 
      1. provision of basic stationary supplies for each school necessary to quality education
      2. installation of safe public transport for students residing at a greater distance from schools
      3. lowering the general cost of education for those who need it
    4. provide counseling for children who are facing problems such as family violence, addiction, and crime;
  2. Suggests the creation of organisations in all member nations that will be tasked with providing job opportunities to qualified residents of slums and informal settlements, as well as skill formation for unqualified residents through: 
    1. promoting that help is available and provided to ensure that all are made aware of these new employment and education possibilities through:
      1. newspaper ads
      2. posters and other form of physical ads
      3. Internet ads
    2. infrastructure investment, targeted at building services that assist the poor, for example, building commuter train stations in poor areas of the city that have been traditionally underserved
    3. increasing the minimum wage, thereby increasing the purchasing power of the poor, who will stimulate the economy by their spending (the poor spend a far higher percentage of their earnings than the rich, as their spending generally covers necessities such as housing, clothing, food, etc.);
  3. Proposes that countries focus on the mental and physical well being of those that live in slums by:
    1. transfer public health care workers to clinics and hospitals near or in slums
    2. having mobile clinics that aid those in the slum
    3. implementing family planning clinics to support teens, young adults and women, youth centers for community growth in areas such as music arts and sports
    4. create domestic violence programs and call centers for those who are subjected to violence and battery:
      1. creating shelters for sexual abuse survivors and domestic violence survivors
      2. organize self-help seminars
    5. providing food and hygiene bags which would minimize the power of clans in slums as well;
  4. Asks for all member nations for the improvement of law enforcement in slums and informal settlements as to reduce overall risk and danger faced by their populations and well as the addition of public policies concerning:
    1. violence and acts of violence through: 
      1. strengthening the police force
      2. having zero tolerance for crimes as drug smugglings and counter-trafficking
      3. investing into security systems as security cameras for instance
    2.  illegal activities and organisations that do not profit all of those involved and who pose a threat to the general population surrounding them through decreasing the influence of gangs, as the Mafia, over time through earlier mentioned improvements of slums;
  5. Proposes the creation of an international, sustainable and affordable housing development model named the UN International Slum Upgrading Model aimed to serve as a base for both the upgrade and relocation of slums and those who reside in them, with this model working to:
    1. provide plans for the building of basic infrastructure that takes into account the basic human needs and rights of those who live in slums such as but not limited to:
      1. the building of homes themselves to be constructed from government subsidized, low-cost yet effective materials that are able to withstand future disasters, whether natural or manmade
      2. decrease the immediate total population of slum through directly relocating those who live in slums in the hopes to decrease the growth of slums in the present as well as in the future
    2. density bonuses if affordable housing is included in new developments, allowing for an increase in height, dwelling units per acre, or floor area ratio, which means that the developer can create more housing units per site to fast track processing for affordable housing, which streamlines and expedites processes related to development of housing, as well as allowing a reduction in approval times and design flexibility, which allows developers to create new and innovative housing and encourages affordable housing;
  6. Urges for the establishment of garbage collection systems within slums and informal settlements as to resolve the issue of accumulating garbage in the streets of slums, as well as other forms of unwanted and potentially harmful waste to avoid the spread of disease, that would include solutions including but not limited to:
    1. initial mass collection and disposal of accumulated waste that will be recycled when possible,
    2. organised collection of garbage to be implemented that will:
      1. divide the slum into sections for easy collection
      2. provide each of these designated sections with a larger permanent communal waste bin which will be conveniently located
      3. have these waste bins emptied on a set schedule
    3. focusing on cleaning large garbage-filled water bodies.