RESOLUTION SDC2 2-1-1

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE 2

QUESTION OF: Developing heat health warning systems in countries facing heat waves

SUBMITTED BY: Greenpeace

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Libya, Lithuania, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Nepal, Paraguay, Samoa, Slovenia, UNEP ( Environment).

STATUSPassed (by committee)

FORUM: Sustainable Dev. Sub-Commission 

QUESTION OF: Developing Heat Health Warning systems in countries facing heat waves 

SUBMITTED BY: Greenpeace

CO-SUBMITTED BY: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Libya, Lithuania, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Nepal, Paraguay, Samoa, Slovenia, UNEP, 

 

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION, 

 

Recognising a heat wave is an extended period of hot weather relative to the location and expected conditions of that time period, 

Expressing concern about the physical problems, mental health problems and economic crises caused because by severe weather conditions such as the heatwave,

Furthermore, due to construction methods and the creation of buildings in urban areas the Heat Island Effect occurs,

Defining Heat Island Effect as the effect of infrastructure such as buildings, roads, and more; absorbing heat, leading to temperatures that can be 1 to 7℉ hotter in urban areas than in outlying areas,

Conscious that this infrastructure is not yet available in a widespread manner in all affected areas and even in entire countries with low economic development,

Noting current resources such as cooling centres within government-owned properties exist and are proven to be sufficient to help individuals during heat waves however, lack of campaigns and education causes a lack of understanding of the purpose of cooling systems,

 

  1. Encourages  Member States to adopt the new Urban Microclimate Mitigation (UMM) framework created by a team of researchers to work on upgrading urban infrastructure with a focus on features such as low thermal capacity;

 

  1. Proposes that the funds for the UMM incentives and technology should be garnered by each country in ways such as but not limited to:
    1. designating an amount of the annual budget while remaining cognisant of the opportunity cost in each instance, additionally, Lesser Economically Developed nations can apply for a loan through the World Bank and request foreign aid
    2. creating a provision under the IMF CCRT or UN CERF where a claim can be made if the country is in dire need of technology to predict natural disasters after having gone through one in a year’s time span
    3. giving out private-public-partnership tenders to fund certain endeavours simply and incentivising corporates through CSR certificates for the same, additionally, fund collection through the UMM framework’s proposed disincentives;
  2. Further encourages the enactment of legislation created by the UMM that helps protect vulnerable and at-risk communities through means such as:
  1. encouraging the use of the following enforcement of change through a graduated tax scale with:
    1. an augmented property tax for new properties with more reflective materials, to be measured using the Albedo scale
    2. a tax based on heating and cooling use
    3. give tax credits/incentives for the use of geothermal air conditioners, LED light bulbs and other environmentally sustainable appliances
  2. creating incentives for following zonal infrastructure restrictions in metropolitan environments, including such as fast-tracking housing loans and subsidies for following UMM guidelines such as  green energy/power consumption
  3. raising more awareness, where to find them, and improving the appeal of cooling centres
  4. measuring and regulating the utilisation of centres;

 

  1. Invites all member states to undertake urban planning and develop their cities with the following areas of interest:
    1. increased green areas, such as community gardens in cities
    2. increased public transportation vehicles and bicycles routes 
    3. upgraded sidewalks with non-heat retaining surfaces;

 

  1. Suggests the creation of sustainable cooling systems, especially in areas of high population density, through actions such as but not limited to:
    1. implementing district cooling systems in areas most affected
    2. developing cooling infrastructures such as cooling rooftops 
    3. ensuring the equal development of these systems both in LEDCs and MEDCs
    4. creating green rooftops and parks to increase natural CO2 absorption;

 

  1. Calls upon nations to biannually submit data to organisations such as but not limited to, UMM, United Nations Habitat (UN-Habitat), and other relevant bodies, detailing the overall temperature of the most densely populated urban zones, and the temperature of rural zones, the zones of which are to be chosen based on population, and must include the capital city of the member nation, this data is to be analysed in order to:
    1. determine the year in which each member nation must achieve the goals outlined in this resolution, factoring in the wealth, stability and climate of the nation in question
    2. determine the necessity for grants, amounts of which are to be determined by the aforementioned bodies and based on the status of the country;

 

  1. Asks that Member States create publicly available meteorological forecasts, including daily forecasts, predictions for possible natural disasters or major weather events, and measures to take to reduce the impact, the data to be collected by individual member nations and the general public, to be supervised by the United Nations, through the use of nationwide notifications to cellular devices, for example, the NL-Alert, public announcements in cities, and biodegradable posters to be placed in public spaces.