RESOLUTION SDC2 2-1-2

FORUM: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE 2

QUESTION OF: Developing heat health warning systems in countries facing heat waves

SUBMITTED BY: Mali

CO-SUBMITTERS:Austria, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, China, Congo, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guatemala, Honduras, Italy, Morocco, Paraguay, Russian Federation, Solomon Islands, UNCTAD, UNHCHR, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe.

STATUSUnder approval

FORUM: Sustainable Dev. Sub-Commission 2

QUESTION OF: Developing Heat Health Warning systems in countries facing heat waves 

SUBMITTED BY: Mali

CO-SUBMITTED BY: Austria, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, China, Congo, Dominican, Egypt, Guatemala, Honduras, Italy, Morocco, Paraguay, Russian Federation, Solomon Islands, UNCTAD, UNHCR, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe

 

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION,

 

Recognizing the importance of protecting urban residents from the dangers of heat waves and the need for early heat health warning systems,

 

Recognizes that In 2022, heat waves headlined world news as new temperatures and records were broken globally such as seen in Japan, the whole continent of Europe and the USA, 

 

Alarmed by the fact that facing heat waves is an issue which regularly exacerbates the problems regarding climate change,

 

Deeply concerned by the fact that there were over 400,000 casualties due to the impact of climate change caused by the heat waves between 2010-2019,

 

Fully Aware heat waves lead to have a huge impact on human migration through the natural effects and disasters, such as droughts and wildfires as heat waves can destroy a water cycle in a region, as such leading to displacement and large deadly implications for refugees,

 

Emphasising the fact that collaboration between the countries is pivotal to tackling the issue considering its international consequences,

 

Urges  the member states of this body shall work together to develop and implement heat health warning systems in urban housing 

 

  1. Encourages the collaboration of the countries by creating an organization that includes World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) as factors which will help the countries make precise meteorological predictions about the possible temperature changes for the future using calculations from past weather data patterns and observational data 

 

  1. Urges all the member states the creation of seminars for the general public in ways such as social media, school and the news, about the issue of heat waves which will be held regularly in order to:
  1. Spread crucial information regarding upcoming, ongoing and future heat waves such as:
    1. How to properly prepare for a heat wave,
    2. The ongoing effects of a heat wave;
    3. What to do in case of an emergency during a heat wave,
    4. How to minimise physical harm during a heat wave
  2. Show the seriousness of this issue by:
  1. pointing out specific dates which should be considered significant
  2. using data and statistics about how climate change has affected the world in general

 

  1. Suggests the implementation of new rules that can be substantial to diminish the outcomes of the heat waves which can be stated as:
  1. Reducing the number of reflective surfaces such as glass on the buildings since the reflection may cause severe damage 
  2. Using lighter colours for the painting of the roads will cause less damage to the surface 
  3. Being aware of how ACs working system can create a circular problem by absorbing the indoor heat and releasing it into the urban environment;

 

  1. Calls upon all Member States who has urban cities and local environments which suffer from extreme heat and frequent heat waves to begin the expansion of greener streets, roads, and areas that frequently has civilians to mitigate the effects of direct sunlight and shield pavement and heat-absorbing materials from getting sunlight by adding more trees and bushes on roofs or streets for more shade

 

  1. Encourages the development of the infrastructure that can take an important role in decreasing the heat waves as soon as possible with the help of:
  1. Reviewing some of the factors that are necessary to consider such as:
  1. Building materials
  2. Wind tunnels
  1.  Updating their urban design rather than building new infrastructure in order to make it more affordable;

 

  1. Supports the collaboration of member states for the implementation of heat health warning systems which should be mainly provided by the countries who have strong infrastructure compared to the others due to their higher level of money, workforce and  technology which can be sufficient for other, less economically stable countries;

 

  1. Suggests the creation of an UN-affiliated fund in order to build a strong foundation for the precautions that will be taken against the issue of heat waves with the help of the World Bank and IMF which will create a stable source of economic assistance in case there isn’t enough contribution (mentioned in clause 5) provided by the other countries:

 

  1. Employs member states settle for methods to prevent casualties or physical harm such as severe dehydration, acute cerebrovascular accidents, and thrombogenesis to a member states citizens from a heat wave by systems where residents must take shelter in an indoor environment during a heat wave in a building or area with adequate air conditioning systems such as;
  1. Shopping malls, shops, Supermarkets,
  2. City Centers, halls, and other such government centers 
  3. Hospitals, Libraries, Schools, University buildings, and other public facilities

 

  1. Suggesting member states establish emergency relief water systems for victims who are in dire need of water for hydration in urban areas which is key to combating illnesses fueled by a heat wave