RESOLUTION YHC 111

FORUM: YOUTH & HEALTH COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to reduce the social gap due to increasing poverty and unemployment, especially amongst the youth, following the COVID-19 crisis.

SUBMITTED BY: Dominican Republic

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, Cuba, DR Congo, Finland, Greenpeace, Holy See, India, Ireland, Jordan, Luxembourg, Malawi, Myanmar, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Oman, New Zealand, Philippines, Russian Federation, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Sweden, Tanzania, United Rep., Togo, Turkmenistan, UN Women, UNICEF.

STATUSPassed

THE YOUTH AND HEALTH COMMITTEE,

Defining the social gap as the standard of living and opportunities divide between the people in the world with the least wealth and the people in the world with the most wealth as well as inequality between nations, ethnic groups, genders, and generations,

Recalling that the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic on the 11th March of  2020, 

Deeply concerned, that 3.6 billion people do not have access to internet, many of whom are in poverty, whilst 94% of ministries have announced that online learning will take place, 

Further recalling, that prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, half of the world’s population had no access to adequate health care, 

Alarmed by the 1.2 million children and the 150 million more who live in poverty because of the COVID-19 crisis,

Keeping in mind the homelessness, access to health care and insurance, residential segregation and poverty caused by the social gap,

Acknowledging that low wage jobs vary per country and have been heavily impacted by COVID-19;

  1. Strongly advises that all nations implement a minimum basic income scheme which prevents all citizens over age 18 from falling below the poverty line:
    1. this program would set the income to a minimum threshold (which would vary geographically based on the cost of living) to support basic necessities
    2. people would be eligible for this scheme if:
      1.  they were employed and willing to work
      2. they were facing barriers to work due to illness
      3.  they have disabilities
      4.  they have caregiver responsibilities
    3. governments would use existing infrastructure to determine eligibility for social assistance, disability benefits, or employment insurance, and basic income;
  2. Encourages economic contributions by the government to domestic workers’ health insurance coverage and benefits such as but not limited to:
    1. overtime pay
    2. paid vacation
    3. medical leave;
  3. Proposes that international non-profit organizations, as well as higher-income countries, contribute, each according to their budget or Gross Domestic Product (GDP), foreign aid to Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs), in order to finance the minimum basic income scheme;
  4. Calls upon the Institute of Global Homelessness (IGH) and the United Nations (UN) to help decrease and prevent worldwide homelessness that is affecting millions of people by:
    1. creating housing facilities for homeless people in which they can have access to: 
      1. food and water
      2. showers 
      3. shelter 
      4. medical attention 
      5. hygienic bathrooms
    2. creating vocational training programmes, specifically aimed towards stateless persons that are unemployed and living in poverty that will be tailored to the skills to what is most pertinent to the region’s workforce;
  5. Supports raising awareness for poverty within Member Nations by all means, such as, but not limited to:
    1. the cooperation of multiple nations related to the issue by:
      1. holding an annual multinational seminar and campaign
      2. pooling voluntarily submitted nation survey information & statistical data to identify target audiences and create effective campaigns 
      3. co-drafting a year-end summary with regard to the issues by utilizing the information from different nations
    2. the filming of a serial documentary that is jointly produced by multiple Member States together with the international organizations such as the WHO, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and United Nations Department of Global Communications (DGC), which aims to:
      1. expose the poverty and suffering of the youth due to the widening economic gap brought upon by the COVID-19 pandemic
      2. analyze the political, and social reasons that have caused the stagnation of progress in reducing the youth disparities
      3. conclude the measures that the global community is currently taking and forecast the agendas that will be implemented in the future
    3. the creation of a website on the issue of disparity amongst the youth that will upload every motion and progress humanity makes in the field;
  6. Requests that the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) establish the Youth Education Board (YEB) which will help ensure that youth all over the world attain at least primary and secondary education by:
    1. cooperating with LEDCs and middle-income countries (MICs) to create diploma attainment exams similar to the General Education Development (GED) test that is certified by YEB to be a true measure of secondary education attainment and recognized internationally by higher education institutes to be equivalent to a secondary school diploma
    2. distributing grants each year, in collaboration with UNICEF, and Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI), to primary and secondary schools in LEDCs and More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) based on evidence demonstrating the need for aid and proof that the funds were used to things such as, but not limited to:
      1. the implementation of safe COVID-19 prevention measures when students attend in-person school, such as the set-up of open-air community education centers and easy-access to hygienic products like disinfectants
      2. the provision of technological devices or modern facilities to students or school faculties who do not have financial disposition to use them for educational purposes 
      3. the purchase of educational resources such as textbooks, calculators, desks, and chairs for students;

c) provide educations to children in a wider, and less crowded environment through means such as but not limited to:

i. converting empty buildings that are ideal for a more spacious learning environment into classrooms and schoolyards, so to partially relieve the stress of overcrowding problems in the schools, especially schools in that of the Less Economically Developed Nations (LEDCs),

ii. keep the windows of the buildings open at all times, in order to guarantee smooth air circulation within the schoolrooms,

iii. providing necessities that are essential for the protection of students and school staffs from freezing or overheating weathers, such as coats, blankets, and electric fans,

d) guarantee the safety of students and staffs with security forces whenever, and wherever it is needed.

  1. Calls upon UNICEF to ensure that vulnerable children in LEDCs and MICs receive adequate nutrition in collaboration with Relief International and other relevant Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) by:
    1. establishing one thousand locations in highly impoverished areas to provide formula and baby food for infants as well as nutritious meals for youth aged 1 to 18 years
    2. stamping the right hand of a child with temporary ink displaying the day’s date upon receiving a meal or infant nourishment to identify those who are not to receive more aid until the following day
    3. hiring local youth aged 19-29 years for meal preparation who:
      1. demonstrate a proficient ability to prepare meals
      2. are to receive a weekly wage reflective of local cost of living.