RESOLUTION YHC 331

FORUM: YOUTH & HEALTH COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The question of the use and supervision of digital tools and platforms to respond to a health crisis

SUBMITTED BY: Burkina Faso

CO-SUBMITTERS:Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Finland, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, Sudan, Cambodia.

STATUSPassed

THE YOUTH AND HEALTH COMMITTEE,

Fully aware of the fact that during the Covid-19 Pandemic, many countries are suffering a high death toll because of the lack of  information and data,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that by the time this resolution has been written, the death toll for Covid-19 will exceed 2 million and will be rapidly getting worse with every passing moment,

Noting with significant concern that the current situation is not favorable by any means and serious action should be taken by every nation in order to prevent cases from spreading as they do now,

Confident that as any problem, this problem can also be tackled via collaboration and understanding with each other, and that considering the current digital age we are living in, the problem can be tackled with digital tools,

Having examined the results of COVID-19 cases, by the time of the writing of this resolution, United States, India, Brazil, Russia and France are in the first 5 of the highest numbers with US, India and Brazil having more than 35 million COVID cases, 30 million patients already recovered and about 750 thousand people dead,

 

  1. Invites nations to hold meetings with their related private and public healthcare and technological enterprises, moderated by the United Nations if necessary, in order to decide on a mutual digital platform for all citizens to use to classify the cases and applications for medical healthcare regarding but not limited to pandemics, which then will transfer the results into an internationally accessible database for an equal distribution and accessibility to data managed by WHO in order to:
    1. establish a mutual digital language in datas and a safe environment to exchange ideas of the usage of technological devices and procedures so that:
      1. no misunderstandings or misinterpretations will occur
      2. the amount of deaths regarding lack of procedure will decrease substantially
      3. public key infrastructure will be implemented by the UN Office of Information and Communications Technology so asymmetrical encryption can be used to ensure a high-level of privacy and prevent data leakage and mis-use
    2. have a global overview of the situation so that provincial support and management can be done faster by UN Organizations or any UN affiliated institutions;
  2. Encourages collaboration with the WHO to further developing pre-existing health applications to fit present day illnesses, with information such as but not limited to:
    1. symptoms,
    2. vaccines,
    3. treatment,
    4. hospitalization,
    5. these applications must indicate whether they are or are not monitored by the WHO,
    6. this information must be provided visibly and clearly,
    7. applications must be free and accessible to the general public;
  3. Requests the World Bank, More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) and private investors (in return for tax incentives) who have successfully used digital infrastructures to tackle pandemics and epidemics to provide assistance and guidance to other countries, especially Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) by means of:
    1. supplying the countries with digital infrastructure to provide digital services especially to the most urgent places with the supervision of UN and UN affiliated distribution organizations to sustain the distributions
    2. providing funding for the countries that have access to solid and durable infrastructure but does not have enough income or access to broadband technologies, drones, and earth-orbiting balloons which are extensive and cost-effective to tackle the issue
    3. provide funding and support for other projects outlined within the resolution;
  4. Strongly advocates all nations with the help of their Ministries’ of Health, NGOs and relevant businesses  with the supervision and guidance of WHO to establish recording systems in all their government linked hospitals that will be named Patient Data Records (PDR) which will keep all the information about the first time a patient has asked for medical healthcare and what treatment has been applied which will be refreshed monthly so that:
    1. every medical personnel that has been assigned for treatment will be able to gain access to the patient’s medical records
    2. a specialized unit within hospitals can be created to prevent data leakages, which will be allowed to report and recommend punitive actions by the government if data is leaked;
  5. Urges all member states to encourage and increase communication between hospitals, and medicine and nursing schools in each member state to work in collaboration in order to alleviate the lack of personnel dealing with the health crisis cases by:
    1. creating an additional health database supervised by the World Health Organization (WHO) (each government will use a different database in the same format created by the WHO) that shows the status of personnel in each hospital and is only accessed by senior medicine and nursing students, lecturers, and health personnel in order to:
      1. determine the number of health personnel, composed of doctors and nurses, that each hospital currently needs
      2. create a platform that will allow senior medicine and nursing students to apply voluntarily to a hospital for internship, this process will be supervised and the students who applied will be chosen by the hospital’s general assembly
      3. provide a platform for students to communicate with experienced doctors and nurses, and get a 3-week time-lapse online education program to become healthcare personnel taking care of Covid-19 patients
      4. form an extra credit system in universities interested in this project in which the students will get extra credits for the number of days they work in the hospitals and the number of patients they take care of
    2. encouraging senior students in microbiology and epidemiology faculties to voluntarily work for scientific research and improvement and analysis of vaccines by interning in labs in the region, and providing necessary healthcare protection equipment for the students from the budget specified by the governments, and providing necessary equipment in LEDCs
    3. creating a fund for LEDCs which will be used for affording healthcare measures and protection equipment necessary in state hospitals and distribution of these which will be contributed by World Bank (WB) and several MEDCs
    4. forming teams with the supervision and contribution of World Bank (WB), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), and WHO to identify the need for the equipment mentioned above in each LEDC and distribute the monetary aid provided by the funds accordingly and oversee the usage of this financial aid in each LEDC;
  6. Recommends all governments to take necessary precautions to limit the amount of misinformation surrounding healthcare and health crises that will be supported and monitored by relevant UN affiliated organizations, supported through the funding system presented in clause two:
    1. governments work to encourage synchronicity between applications which monitor health and healthcare
    2. governments also ensure all applications align with verbiage used by the WHO and UN bodies;
  7. Further Requests that all the digitally collected data will be collected by the WHO by a data protection directive that is organized like the EU’s:
    1. the collected data will be reserved securely with an end-to-end encryption which will be created with the cooperation of The United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD)
    2. the usage of the data will be supervised by the CSTD to avoid any problems regarding to privacy breaches and the data will be only accessible to the patient and/or their legal guardian, or for the WHO for the intent of scientific purposes, such as statistical analysis,
    3. LEDCs who lack access to online applications will additionally receive information through newspapers and radio broadcasts
    4. municipalities will be in charge of raising awareness in smaller regions where the rate of people who are able to access digital tools is low by collaborating with NGOs such as but not limited to WHO and WB to distribute informative brochures regarding the impact of pandemic and the ways of protection;
  8. Encourages member states to use remote monitoring for non-lethal and mild cases, in order to save space in hospitals for patients who require immediate treatment or close monitoring:
    1. by providing the remote monitored patients with the required technical and medical equipments which will:
      1. be funded by the relevant governmental body or NGO’s, unless the country is an LEDC wherein the equipment will be funded by the WB and International Monetary Fund (IMF), according to the country’s choice
      2. be collected back once the patient no longer needs the equipment
      3. come with a GPS in order to avoid any lost equipment
      4. be distributed by the local hospitals and clinics under the supervision of WHO to avoid any problems
    2. whether the patient will be closely or remotely monitored will be decided by the healthcare workers by looking at the criteria WHO will provide;
  9. Further recommends the cooperation of the member states with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in order to create an individualized infrastructure for all member states which will aim to deliver Wi-Fi connection to medical centres such as but not limited to public hospitals in order to make the usage of digital tools and platforms possible and allow communication between medical centres:
    1. by the implementation of inventions such as but not limited to satellite broadband technologies, drones, and earth-orbiting balloons which are extensive and cost-effective
    2. partially or fully funded:
      1. by the IMF and the WB, the funds will vary according to the relevant state’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and purchasing power
      2. the usage of the funds will be audited by the WB and the UNOPS to ensure appropriate usage.